under open weather conditions. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) Muga food plant production technology. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. The phyllosphere microbes of P. bombycina may have manifold interactions with the host plant as well as the silkworm … The silk is very dense. 3.27(i)] and Soalu [Fig. Total lipids were extracted by the method of Folch et al. of muga silkworm species Antheraea assamensis Helfer, which is exclusively cultivated in Assam for production of precious muga silk fibre in India only in the world. The seed which is an important reproductive feature of the plant species is used for reproduction in north-eastern region mainly in the state of Assam. ), Bogori or ber (Zizyphus jujuba Mill), Champa (Michelia champaca Linn. Panchapa (Magnolia sphenocarpa Roxb. Content Ownership Directorate of Sericulture, Govt. 1996). Som and Soalu plants are propagated through mainly seeds. ), Bhomloti (Symplocous grandifolia Wall. P. contigus, a white sericulture largely depends on maintenance of rot fungus, causes heart rot disease and B. muga silkworm food plants, Som, Persea mediterranea (under Xylariaceae) causes canker bombycina (= Machilus bombycina, family rot disease of Som plant. Standardised Website Framework of Govt. Standardised Website Framework of Govt. It can also be reared on host plants similar to that of tasar worms. Diseases make the leaf unpalatable for the silkworms and cause 6 -42% reductions in total leaf yield and … • Muga moth (“Muga Polu’ in Assamese) also has the same life cycle as other silkworms, i.e., egg, larva, pupa and adult. We have tried to link all Information & Services together to help you locate them faster. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. is the primary host plant of muga silkworm that belongs to the family Lauraceae is a perennial tree with grey warty bark, lanceolate leaves, small flowers and globose berry fruits. The non-mulberry silkworms are eri (Samia ricini), Muga (Antheraea assama), temperate tasar (Antherara myllita) and tropical tasar (Antherara proylei). PPF-5893: Impact assessment of petroleum crude oil on muga silkworm and their host plants in Assam . ), Gansarai (Cinnamomum glanduliferum Meissu), Bojramoni (Xanthoxylum rhesta DC.). ), Patihonda (Actinodaphnae obovata Blume), Gamari (Gamelina arborea Linn.) Persea bombycina Kost is the primary host plant of golden silk producing muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis. Silkworm Seed (Egg- Polu koni) is the backbone of silk industry. The plants are propagated in two ways (i) Sexual method and (ii) Asexual method. Accounting to the State Sericulture Department, the State has produced 114.56 MT Muga Raw Silk, during the year 2011-12 as against 113.28 MT Muga Raw Silk, produced in the State during the year 2010-11. Life history: The moth is multivoltine the entire life cycle lasts for about 50 days in summer and 120 days in winter. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves.The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. of Assam. It spins a strong, soft luminous, and naturally golden colored silk. Find information about Projects. Seed bed preparation. A document repository where all types of the documents of the organization can be searched and located in the shortest possible time. is a heterogeneous wild deciduous tree available abundantly in natural forest of northeast India. You can find information on Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision,Mission and Functions and more details about our department here. Muga silk is cultivated through rearing of the insect silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer on the leaves of its host plant Litsea monopetala Roxb. 1962). 150 days in winter. Find information about the various schemes being implemented along with the benefits, grants and assistance. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. Only cultural specificity is being managed and took care by Muga rearers. Unlike mulberry silkworm, the wild silkworms are polyphagous and feed on several plants. of Assam. Since non-mulberry silkworms are polyphagous in nature, thus on the basis of host plant preference the host plants can … Phytophagous insects show varying degrees of association with host plants, a particular plant species or group of plants on which they feed (food plant range) (Unni et al. Although Muga silkworm since time immemorable has been reared for Muga silk still it is purely an outdoor culture in host plant under natural conditions. ), Gansarai (Cinnamomum glanduliferum Meissu), Bojramoni (Xanthoxylum rhesta DC.). Thus muga seed suitable to ecological conditions of the region has to be supplied for optimum production of silk. The lipid and fatty acid composition of the leaves (tender, medium and mature) of muga host plants, Machilus bombycina, Litsaea monopetala (primary food plants) and L. cubeba and L. salicifolia (family: Lauraceae) (secondary food plants) was investigated by standard procedures, gas chromatography after saponification and esterification. Phyllosphere microorganisms influence the growth of their host plants, either negatively as pathogens or positively by increasing the stress tolerance and disease resistance. The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. Host plant of silkworms plays a major role in the quality as well as the quantity of silk produced. aspects of nutritional composition of host plants of muga and eri have revealed many mechanisms responsible for the en-hancement in productivity. There are five types of natural silkworms, which feed on host plants of mulberry, arjun, asan, sal, Quercus, som, soalu, castor, kesseru, bar kesseru, tapioca and payam. Attempts were made to rear the silkworm under indoor conditions during different seasons. ), Katholua (Cyclicodaphne nitida Roxb. Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer, generally reared outdoor on standing host trees for which it is always under pressure of vagaries of weather conditions causing substantial loss. Host plants of muga silkworm Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer. The lipid and fatty acid composition of the leaves (tender, medium and mature) of muga host plants, Machilus bombycina, Litsaea monopetala (primary food plants) and L. cubeba and L. salicifolia (family: Lauraceae) (secondary food plants) was investigated by standard procedures, gas chromatography after saponification and esterification. 1969, Hamamura et al. Host plants: The muga worm feeds on aromatic leaves of Som [Fig. Study of the morphometric aspects of Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis H.) reared on the host plant Dipika Doloi Abstract The environmental conditions play a significant role and influence the quantitative and qualitative characters of silkworm such as larval length, larval breadth and larval weight. 3.27(ii)]. APS-3612: Development of Seed Preservation Technology for Muga Silkworm (Antheraea assamensis Helfer) (with SSTL, CSB, Kodathi) Funding agency: CSB, Bangalore It is a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants. The quality of leaf has got a direct influence on the health, growth and survival of silkworm. Due to the high incidence of disease and natural enemies, and variations in climatic conditions, the production of muga silk has recently declined dramatically. Muga silkworm host plant, som (Persea bombycina Kost.) This option provides the details of the sub organisations and links to their respective websites. ... Muga culture in North Eastern India is practiced all the year where seasons and rearing conditions vary. Designed & Developed byNational Informatics Centre (NIC), Nodal DepartmentSecretariat Administration Department,Govt. Larvae of Muga silkworm and few other food plants, likewise Digloti (Litsaea salicifolia Hook), Mejankari (Litsaea cubeba Lour. You can find information on Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision,Mission and Functions and more details about our department here. The detailed biology of insect was carried out on nature grown host plant under natural weather in District Bageshwar of State Uttarakhand, India. of Assam. Details of the completed and ongoing projects can be obtained. What are the affect of host plant diseases on muga industry? (1973). The plant species Persea bombycina King. They are polyphagous, but thrive primarily on two host plants, Persea bombycina Kostermans (Laurales: Lauraceae) and Litsea polyantha Juss. Muga silkworm host plant. ), Patihonda (Actinodaphnae obovata Blume), Gamari (Gamelina arborea Linn.) This moth is semi-domesticated and can be raised outdoor. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. The article discusses the results of a study that examined the muga silk moth, Antheraea assamensis larvae's host plant selection and the role of the antenna and maxillary palp. The Website design follows an integrated approach with the entire department and its sub-organisations form an Integrated Portal. We have tried to link all Information & Services together to help you locate them faster. ), Bogori or ber (Zizyphus jujuba Mill), Champa (Michelia champaca Linn. Dr. D.K. Content Ownership Handloom Textiles & Sericulture, Govt. (1957) as modified by Pant et al. Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer, a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants viz., so m (Persea bombycina) and soalu (Litsea monopetala) being the primary host plants, and dighloti (Litsea … In order to improve the productivity of this silkworm it is important to have a better knowledge of both its host plants and biology. Materials and methods Oven-dried leaves (tender, medium and mature) of host plants of muga silkworm were used. Jigyasu. Host plants of Muga silkworm. Ex Hook occupies an important economic position among the plant community as the leaves of this species are the source of food for muga silkworm Antheraea assma Ww. Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. In all the host plants … of Assam, Assam Government Marketing Corporation Ltd, Assam Apex Weavers and Artisans Cooperative Federation Ltd, Material of Exhibition & Publicity ARTFED, Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production. silkworm and its host plant, success of muga wounds or pollarded zones. The food plants have wide distribution throughout the North-eastern India and in some parts of Northern India. Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som (Persea bombycina Kost. In the present report, we studied the behavior of A. assamensis larvae towards the leaves of different host plants at different maturity levels and also towards different chemicals reported to have stimulatory effects on insects, including B. mori (Ishikawa et al. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. ), Katholua (Cyclicodaphne nitida Roxb. ), Bhomloti (Symplocous grandifolia Wall. A document repository where all types of the documents of the organization can be searched and located in the shortest possible time. Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), the producer of golden silk, is a lepidopteran insect endemic to northeastern India. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) During the course of development, the host plants of silkworm are found prone to various diseases. Mulberry is the leading silk and 1120 host plants are Life history • The moth is multivoltine the entire life cycle lasts for about 50 days in summer and 120 days in winter. It was previously reported that muga silk cannot be dyed or bleached due to "low porosity", but this is incorrect; muga takes dye like any other silk. Highlighting some of the differences in varieties of Muga host plant. of Assam, North Eastern Region Textile Promotion Scheme(NERTPS), Species and improved cultivators of mulberry. Factors like natural golden colour of the silk, availability of abundant host plants and skill ness on rearing, reeling and weaving make muga culture a unique profession for the people of Assam. A small amount goes a long way to adding color, sheen and softness to any fiber blends that contain it. plant species Litsea monopetala Roxb. • This moth is semi-domesticated and can be raised outdoor. Funding agency: CSB, Bangalore. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. Oct., 2017-Sept., 2020. Propagation of the host plants and their management: The host plants of muga silkworms are available in nature. Food plants of Muga silkworm. Designed & Developed byNational Informatics Centre (NIC), Nodal DepartmentSecretariat Administration Department,Govt. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). Select well drained high land in a shady place. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) The Muga silkworm is a type of semi-domesticated silkworm raised almost exclusively in Assam, India. Panchapa (Magnolia sphenocarpa Roxb. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som (Persea bombycina Kost. rate of muga silkworms on these plants. and few other food plants, likewise Digloti (Litsaea salicifolia Hook), Mejankari (Litsaea cubeba Lour. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. of Assam. Department, Govt State Uttarakhand, India and feed on several plants the host plants, likewise Digloti Litsaea. 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host plant of muga silkworm

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