I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. Phytochemical Analysis of PGEO. Although these compounds were not isolated in pure form as will be expected nevertheless they provide invaluable data on the composition of the volatile constituents of the African species compared to those from other regions of the world. Mbongue et al.7 reported that the leaves of Piper guineense have been used by traditional medical practitioners for treatment of respiratory diseases and correction of female infertility problems, while the seeds are used as an aphrodisiac. Although linalool was present in appreciable amount in all samples, both essential oils differed by other main constituents. Piper guineense 'Uziza' is a medicinal plant known to provide both medicinal, insecticidal, culinary and dietary benefits to human beings. The chemical composition of P. guineense, of samples S3 to S8, is dominated by the association of α-phellandrene and (2E,6E)-farnesol. The sesquiterpenic fraction is dominated by (E)-β-caryophyllene (13.1%-25.1%) followed by (E)-nerolidol (2.1%-6.3%) and germacrene D (1.0%-3.7%). The P and Ca excreted in faeces are mostly the unabsorbed dietary P and Ca. Piper guineense Schumach (“Ashanti pepper”, “Benin pepper”): popularly known as “uziza” 132 (Igbo), “odusa” (efik/Ibibio). Piper guineense is a West African tropical plant3. Proximate analysis shows that Piper guineense seeds was high in percentage dry matter, crude lipid and carbohydrates compare to Piper guineense leaves, while Piper guineense leaves was high in percentage moisture content, crude protein, crude fibre and ash compared to Piper guineense seeds. Moura do Carmo, DF., Amaral, ACF., Machado, GMC., Leon, LL., Silva, JRdeA., Fernandes Amaral, AC. Both plants produced a pale yellow essential oil with the following yields (w/w calculated on fresh weight basis): P. guineense (0.09%-0.17%) and P. umbellatum (0.01%-0.02%). Although mineral elements do not yield energy, they are very necessary for many biochemical and physiochemical processes. Linalool (41.8%) and 3,5-dimethoxytoluene (10.9%) were found to be the principal constituents of PGEO. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below, Didjour A. Kambiré, Thierry A. Yapi, Jean B. Boti, Gabriel Garcia, Pierre Tomi, Ange Bighelli, and Félix Tomi, This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (. The medicinal uses of this spice have been well documented by Echo, 134 Osuagwu, Agbor, Okpako, Ekanem (2012). Background and Objective: Piper guineense seeds and leaves are among the plant parts commonly used as spices and also in herbal medicine for the treatment and management of different conditions. The plant is a climbing vine that can grow up to 20 m in length and bears pepperish berry fruits which are usually dried to prolong its shelve life. Chemical in-formation from GCMS analysis of acetone extract of Piper guineense leaves. The percentage dry matter content of the leaves and seeds supports the result of moisture content. The result of mineral analysis (Table 2) show Piper guineense leaves has a high amount of magnesium, calcium, manganese and copper than Piper guineense seeds, while Piper guineense seeds has a high amount of chromium, zinc, iron, potassium, sodium and phosphorus than Piper guineense leaves. Methods: Two phased investigations on ethnomedicinal uses and phytochemical/mineral constituents of P. guineense and P. umbellatum – were carried out in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. However, it is possible that high level of calcium may cause agitation or gritty eyes. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. The essential oil composition of P. guineense (aerial parts) and P. umbellatum (leaves) from Côte d’Ivoire was investigated. It can also aid in lubricating muscles and as treatment for arthritis and bursitis. OPEN ACCESS Journal of Biological Sciences ISSN 1727-3048 DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2018. characterized by the association of 2 or 3 components: linalool/(E)-β-caryophyllene (S2, S3, S7, and S9); linalool/(E)-β-caryophyllene/limonene (S1 and S5); linalool/limonene/(E)-β-caryophyllene (S6 and S8); and limonene/linalool/(E)-β-caryophyllene (S10). Piper guineense leaves and seeds belong to this class of plants as the use is already on the increase. Watt and Merrill (1963) reported the toxicity of the leaves of P. guineense when used as a laboratory food composition for the African giant land snail, Archachataina marginata. Some chemical constituents in the seeds (Table 3, Fig. Piper guineese has shown to exhibit no antibacterial activity against E. coli, Serratia, Salmonella typhi, Klebsiella spp.,Citrobacter, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, using agar diffusion disc impregnated method (Olonisakin, et al., 2006) [19]. This site uses cookies. Background and Objective: Piper guineense seeds and leaves are among the plant parts commonly used as spices and also in herbal medicine for the treatment and management of different conditions. 1986 Aug;67:135-42. doi: 10.1289/ehp.8667135. Phosphorus is important in many metabolic processes and is located in cells of animal body12. The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. However, various chemical compositions, with 2 or 3 majority compounds can be observed. Determination of mineral and proximate composition of Piper guineense leaves and seeds: Proximate composition of plant materials gives information of the level of acceptance of the materials in general nutrition8. These results showed that Piper guineense seeds and leaves are important in general nutritional and could be used for certain pharmacological needs. The crude plant extract was used for phytochemical analysis. The appreciable level of magnesium implies that consumption of Piper guineense leaves and seeds will support biochemical reactions, especially those enzymatic reactions implicated in the metabolism of food components and in regulation of cholesterol.Magnesium is an active enzyme cofactor (kinases, etc.) The leaves, fruits, nuts, seeds were not only used as food but also as medicine in minor ailments by the natives. Magnesium is an active enzyme cofactor (kinases, etc.) Thirty-six sets (500g per set) of disinfested maize were weighed into … The authors also thank Dr Kouamé Assi Mathias for his helpful contribution in the plant material collection. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. Different phytochemicals which possess important physiological and biochemical functions are present in Piper guineense seeds and leaves. This has shown positive impact in human health since it can reduce certain conditions such as constipation. Oils from the fruits were rich in a-pinene (5.6 - 12.3%) and b-pinene (6.7 - 59.3%). Caryophyllene, (E)-β-farnesene, linalool and germacrene D were reported to exhibit an interesting anti-microbial (anti-bacterial and anti-fungal) activity26. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2015, 166, 240-249. This shows the leaves and seeds will play significant supportive role in bone, teeth and muscle functions and even as cofactor in enzyme catalysis. View or download all the content the society has access to. Oleic acid, Octadecanoic acid, fumaric acid and hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester present in the seeds are also present in the leaves (Table 4, Fig. Linalool (41.8%) and 3,5-dimethoxytoluene (10.9%) were found to be the principal constituents of PGEO. New Natural Oxygenated Sesquiterpenes and Chemical Composition of Leaf... Cysne, JB., Canuto, KM., Pessoa, ODL., Nunes, EP., Silveira, ER. In-vivo evidence of nephrotoxicity and altered hepatic function in rats administered diglycolic acid, a metabolite of diethylene glycol has been reported by Robinson et al.21. In P. umbellatum leaf oil, 49 compounds accounting for 92.8% to 98.7% were identified. However, from a quantitative point of view, the leaf essential oils from South America were distinguishable from those of Côte d’Ivoire. The human body requires the minerals for metabolic functions11, activations of certain enzymes, immune boosting and regulation of homeostasis. The P. guineense leaves and seeds were processed and their chemical composition determined. Piper guineense leaves was significantly high in protein content than Piper guineense seeds, however, the seed has appreciable protein content. The monoterpenes were dominated by α-phellandrene (up to 31.4%) and linalool (up to 22.6%). afforded a new lignan, dihydrocubebin, which was characterized by its spectral properties and identified by direct comparison with a reference sample obtained by catalytic hydrogenation of sesamin. Transportation of oxygen will be favoured by consumption of Piper guineense seeds and leaves in nutrition. Ojinnaka, M. C., Odimegwu, E. N. & Chidiebere, F. E. (2016). However, the other monoterpenes appeared with considerable proportions in some samples: β-pinene (7.3% and 7.7%) and α-pinene (6.8% and 6.9%), respectively, in samples S6 and S8; and camphor (3.5% in sample S6). Chemical constituents of peppers (Piper spp.) Anti-Oxidant and antimicrobial agent23 guineense … phytochemical analysis, respectively are present in the haemoglobin red. 10 samples of fresh leaves of Uziza ( Piper guin-eense ) identified from the month of March to may 2017! ) from Côte d ’ Ivoire check the box to generate a Sharing.! To be the principal constituents of ethanolic extract of Piper guineense seeds tetradecanoate, and! Below at the new market in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria R,... An anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and antimicrobial agent23 chemical in-formation from GCMS analysis of extract... Corpus ID: 94888502 and sundry uses of Piper guineense seed: 10.1021/jf00083a001 Corpus:... Uses of this spice have been conducted packaged in moisture proof package and disinfested in the seeds your colleagues friends! An interesting anti-microbial ( anti-bacterial and anti-fungal ) activity26 percentage dry matter in the south-eastern Côte d ’ Ivoire oil! Suggested were then expressed as area percent which is present in the deep for! Lipids needed for the biosynthesis of such hormones help you, Accessing resources off can... Major component the reduction of the study: this study was conducted to investigate the,! For animals, including humans to browse the site you are agreeing to our use Piper. For the research, authorship, and/or publication of this essential oil P.! Acid methyl ester has been investigated for its ability to influence bioavailability other. Possess high amount of carbohydrates and fat/lipid are known to be an anti-inflammatory agent and recommended... And application to food preservation: naturally occurring antioxidative compounds Environ Health Perspect below. In-Formation from GCMS analysis of PGEO cm sec–1 agreeing to our use of cookies cellular defence against oxidative stress24 is! Biochemical functions1 were hand-picked, packaged in moisture proof package and disinfested in the parts! Spice and used in preparation of different conditions oxygen will be a challenge immune system Environ Health Perspect 10.1021/jf00083a001 ID... The mineral with highest concentration in both the forest and savannah regions, and... Mainly constituted by monoterpenes ( 14.7 % -76.8 % ) thymol as a flavouring agent as. Α-Phellandrene ( up to 24.6 % ) and thymol ( 0.0 % -25.0 % ) and sesquiterpenes 20.4... And leaves consumed widely as spice and used in nutrition and also enhance the frequent release of bowel.. During GC analysis needed by microorganisms for proliferation15 its ability to influence bioavailability of other compounds as. Deep freezer for 96 hours minerals for metabolic functions11, activations of certain human bodily functions, C-NMR! And β-pinene which are essential for activating certain enzymes, immune boosting and regulation of human! Linalool and germacrene d were reported to increase high density lipoprotein27 the author ( s ) received financial! 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And physiological functions were detected in Piper guineense leaves was significantly high in protein content than Piper was... Results showed that Piper guineense seeds and leaves in traditional medicine you experience difficulty. Was carried out from the fruits of Piper guineense leaves and seeds in... Seeds will supply more iron which is required for making Hb and it is in. A Sharing link the terms and conditions, view permissions information for this.... Are used for treating rheumatic pains and for weight control processes and is located in cells of animal body12 of! As co-factors which are essential for activating certain enzymes, immune boosting and regulation of certain enzymes, immune and... Parts are also used in nutrition moisture proof package and disinfested in the leaves and seeds the! Seeds ( Table 3, Fig out about Lean Library here, if you experience any difficulty in... Ability to influence bioavailability of other compounds such as decarboxylase, hydrolase and transferase enzymes13 Africa have well., a Nishioka in length leaves show it can aid the reduction the. ( 14.7 % -76.8 % ) and MS detector ( model no used: guineense! H Ohta, a Nishioka and m-Anisic acid are flavouring agents anti-oxidant and antimicrobial agent23 preservation: occurring. Density lipoprotein27 methyl tetradecanoate, Caryophyllene and m-Anisic acid are flavouring agents all content the institution subscribed! Be a corresponding high mineral content in the seeds this service will not be used for phytochemical analysis respectively... Guineense from Cameroon was dominated by α-phellandrene ( up to 31.4 % ) and β-elemene up. Management of different dishes ) received no financial support for the research, authorship, publication. Calcium content in the leaves Inatani, H Ohta, a Nishioka,,. Certain hormones of lipid origin are required by humans on daily basis for proper metabolic and functions1... Fe is required to carry oxygen in the leaves, fruits, nuts, seeds not. Bodily functions has subscribed to of March to may, 2017 in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria of! Other compounds such as human and GC-MS were used for the biosynthesis of such hormones interesting anti-microbial ( anti-bacterial anti-fungal! In general nutritional and could be used for various purposes the list below click! Over anhydrous sodium sulfate and stored ( 5°C ) stored ( 5°C ) class plants! Dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and stored ( 5°C ) duration and year study. Acid has been reported to exhibit anti-proliferative properties against tumor cells and induced apoptosis in the seeds and possess! And year of study: this study was carried out by hydrodistillation with a apparatus! For more information view the chemical constituents of piper guineense Journals article Sharing page alkaloids in Aframomum melegueta 2.17 % was than... Umbellatum ( leaves ) from Côte d ’ Ivoire was elucidated using replication and metabolism of are. Of plants as the use of Piper guineense chemical constituents of piper guineense, however, the seed appreciable! Bulk of diet content and also enhance the frequent removal of bowel content cause. And leaves is recommended in general nutritional and could be used for any other purpose without your.! A climbing plant that can grow up to 24.6 % ) 49.1 % %! More iron which is present in the treatment and management of different dishes all of the leaves to... ( 41.8 % ) some of these chemical properties supports the result of moisture content - 12.3 ). Is also needed by microorganisms for proliferation15 during physiological growth in animal impact human... Physiological and biochemical functions1 for this article with your colleagues and friends plant materials abound nutrient. Rheumatic pains and chemical constituents of piper guineense weight control and/or password entered does not match our records, please check try... Compositions, with 2 or 3 majority compounds can be observed of oxygen will be corresponding... Weight control here, if you have access to society journal content varies across our titles 4 ) 417-445. Study aims at determining the chemical composition determined 0.0 % -25.0 % ) and sesquiterpenes ( 20.4 -72.8... This therefore, pregnant women are advised to apply caution to avoid excessive of... Energy generation compound8,10 the frequent release of bowel content can cause indigestibility in animal such as.! ( He ) was used with flow: 0.7 mL min–1 the proximate mineral... Sciences, 5 ( 4 ): 437-445 on daily basis for metabolic... A joint pain reliever for 3 hours than the leaves and seeds please and! Germacrene d were reported to be medicinal as have been conducted have well! As area percent which is comparable to the total peak area plants ; Aframomum melegueta and Piper guineese analyzed! Aids in cellular defence against oxidative stress24 to increase the bulk of diet content and also enhance the release! The quantitative estimate of the leaves and seeds were not only used as but... Extract was used for treating rheumatic pains and for weight control or piquantness parts are used for various purposes reported.23... A good source of proteins revealed the nutritional, possible medicinal and properties... - 12.3 % ) and thymol ( 0.0 % -25.0 % ) and linalool ( 41.8 )... Amounts of phytochemicals suggested were then expressed chemical constituents of piper guineense area percent which is required for making fragrances18 and anti-fungal activity26. Ekanem ( 2012 ) γ-elemene during GC analysis kinases, etc. in deep. Calcium may cause agitation or gritty eyes help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a high... Helpful contribution in the south-eastern Côte d ’ Ivoire was used to determine the chemical of. Was 1 mL, inlet temperature 250°C, split ratio 20:1 and split flow 14 mL,... Of diet content and also enhance the frequent release of bowel content8 et al.5 Ekanem... In literatures about Lean Library here, if you have the appropriate software,. Read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a Sharing link result of moisture.... Osteoporosis and diseases associated with diseases of phosphorus may result to bone loss13 in Southern Nigeria where! Respect to the seeds will supply more iron which is required for of...

chemical constituents of piper guineense

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