Conflict of Authority Sharing of power between the center and the states includes both advantages and disadvantages … This system is in practice in India, the USA, Canada, Belgium, Spain, Australia, Ethiopia, South Africa, etc. Powered by: Webbank Nepal, Nepal: UN says Gender-based violence can be prevented, Civil Society Issues Recommendations to Strengthen the ICC, Nepal: Stalling on Justice for Conflict-Era Crimes, Restore all fundamental freedoms of Kashmiris: OIC-IPHRC, Nepal: BJP betrays all sections of society in J&K says Adv. Federalism, as a form of government, has its advantages and disadvantages. Need to regulate interstate commerce power. Ending essay examples development on in nepal federalism Essay and essay on importance of not wasting food. Thus each unit can exercise functions that they are well suited which promotes efficiency. Learn more about the history and characteristics of federalism in this article. The Maoist party was the catalyst for bringing … Conflict of Authority The biggest problem that arises when you have two bodies in power is the power struggle. Possess power would probably give them the voice to air out their grievances. Federalism in Nepal – Major Discourses and Key Challenges. Last but not the least, Nepal Finance Ministry had estimated an initial cost of Rs. While India is a federal nation with federal states based on languages and ethnicity, China is a nation with a unitary system. November 23, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/federalism-2/. Federalism avoids single supreme national governance where there is only one authority. Restructuring of the state, that has been under the unitary system of governance for the last 240 years, on the basis of ethnicity, language, or even natural resources will obviously pose a great challenge.”. Essay on dussehra in hindi for class 6th. 1. Just by looking at neighboring Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, we can see how small Nepal is in size as a nation. 5. 560 of CA members voted in favor of the republic, ending 240 years of monarchy. If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. In 1788, Fisher Ames of Massachusetts made a declaration to increase the powers of the national government. Each state shall grant extradition for fugitives who reside in a foreign state and had committed crime in their resident. I believe even if the interim constitution declares Nepal as a Federalist nation, it is still worthwhile and not too late to debate the pros and cons of federalism and take the right course of political action that ensures national integrity, empowers the people, protects our societies, enhances prosperity, and promotes our culture and traditions. America wanted to control all the economic activities of the nation and raising the national government powers would enable them achieve it. Constitution of Nepal 2015, formally declared the country a “Federal Democratic Republic” in which powers are shared between the central government. Federalism and Nepal 1. Do we really need to divide this nation for efficiency in governance or other reasons, especially during this age of inclusiveness, globalization, information technology, and communication? In the aftermath, Tharus houses were burnt in the presence of … The amendment was the first document to mention Nepal officially as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. This is because most people after they have committed a crime in a particular state, they escape and move to other states. It is our obligation to think deeply, understand correctly, analyze the situation objectively, and take the appropriate future course of actions aptly keeping in mind the national integrity, the society, our norms and values, as well as our culture and traditions. The two levels always have final authority and self governance in specific areas. The government demands to have war powers were created by tragedies of modern wars. In Chapter 11, Marcus Brand summarises the historical context in which the debate on federalism in Nepal emerged after the decade-long armed conflict that ended in 2006. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/federalism-2/. The federal government in America has special authority to control interstate businesses and trade with the foreign countries. National government shall issue grants to states to aid in state development. Politics in America, eighth edition/alternate edition. Although there are some challenges of the federal system in Nepal and Nepali is ready to face the challenges of the federal system in Nepal. The drawbacks of federalism include: Federalism gives the freedom for special interests to protect their privileges. They will have to face legal charges for their actions in whichever state they are in. Each state shall give full credit and be faithful to judicial proceedings, public records and public actions of all other states. ©  2020 Telegraph Nepal | All Rights Reserved. The benefits of federalism are that it can encourage political participation, give states an incentive to engage in policy innovation, and accommodate diverse viewpoints across the country. This simply proves that federalism is too costly for Nepal. While the nation is starving for resources to supply food, medicine, hospitals, and other critical facilities, how logical will it be to embark upon a system that results in a substantial increase on administrative budgets and expenses due to federal infrastructures and logistics? It is obvious that additional governance mechanism will increase the cost of governance. Copyright © 2020 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. Both nations are becoming the global hubs of science and Information technology. Not having a national majority of any ethnic or linguistic group and the imposition of ethnic federalism was perhaps the major cause of Yugoslavia’s eventual disintegration. (2019) 'Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages'. It is important to understand the ethnic and linguistic composition of Yugoslavia prior to its disintegration. Federalism brings in different states, different states means separation. The author feels that it may never happen. This was due to several reasons such as: Dye, Thomas. Federalism is a type of government where the power is divided between local governments and federal governments. Whether it is China or the United States, major environmental programs, infrastructures, natural resources conservation and development initiatives, socio-economic transformation agendas, welfare programs, and research and development activities are increasingly federally funded and managed. Essay about advantages and disadvantages of watching tv nepal essay Federalism in short: writing a essay outline. Essay the time machine steps in analysis an essay essay topics for ielts academic 2020, essay on india in german language. The national government in American Federalism has delegation powers which are always given to them by the constitution. In the United States, a system of Federalism is in place because laws can be passed by a local government, the state government, or the national government. IvyPanda. My family essay quora intro words for essays, essay format guidelines, sample personal reflective essay importance on federalism nepal of in Essay, essay on favourite family member, ib tok essay guidelines nature and nurture debate essay write an essay advantages and disadvantages of using the internet. Many of these states have gone through ethnic violence, chaos, and finally disintegration. The federal system of government is where a country is divided up into several different regions, each of which is able to govern itself, to some extent. Every power that is useful and can be implied in the federal government is always delegated by national government. Possessing taxation power under the 16. Built from the knowledge and experience of those who provide patient care on a daily basis, it allows nurses to multitask like never before and spend more time at the bedside actually taking care of the patient! In the aftermath of the 2007 People's Revolt II, the 240 years of monarchy was abolished in the 5th amendment of the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2063. America also wanted to possess implied powers which were considered necessary and appropriate for the nation to undertake delegated duties and powers. There are some states which pursue policies which frustrate national policy because they cause them to sacrifice some of their interests to local interests such as segregation. There are those who purchase goods in neighbouring state to escape sales tax in a particular state. This can cause things like strikes and make the government much less effective than it could normally be. Federalism is a system of government where power is divided between several different entities. The desire to have war powers was also one of the reasons why national government power was increased since 1788. ⏰ Let's see if we can help you! Federalism is a system of government where power is divided between several different entities. Hurricane Katrina is now an iconic case of how multiple levels of government and overlapping jurisdiction can result in catastrophic failure. However, the question remaining in many Nepalese minds even after several years down the lane is how is it that we ended up with the declaration of the federalism in our interim constitution without having sufficiently debated or discussed the viability of federalism in Nepal? It is difficult to enforce law on criminals because of federalism. How to make essay double spaced. Elazar, Daniel. IvyPanda. […] It had eight major ethnic groups: Serbian (35%), Croatian (19%), Muslim (8.9%), Slovene (7.8%), Albanian (7.7%), Macedonians (5.9%), Yugoslavs (5.4%), and Montenegrins (2.5%), and six major languages: Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian, and Italian. It is possible to test different policies in a country that has local and state government. Nearly after 10 years of the publication “Federalism in Nepal: Issues and Concerns”, and more than one year of implementation of federalism in Nepal, issues and concerns raised on federalized governance about 10 years ago have become more relevant and even more pressing. America also wanted to possess inherent power to enable them conduct foreign affairs which inherently belonged to the nation. Kosovo was declared independent in 2008, resulting in the final obliteration of Yugoslavia. Tharus represents 7 % of Nepal’s population and are the fourth largest ethnic groups. How would you control corruption, which is already so rampant and massive in every sector of the society including political, governance, judiciary, security, and private sector, by expanding administrative structure further to provincial and local levels under federalism? Without any doubt, we are passing through a critical phase in the political history of Nepal. Each citizen of any particular state shall be entitled to equal rights, privileges and immunities. States that are better endowed with natural resources and better economic policies and programs would prosper more than those with a lower natural resource base and incompetent developmental endeavors. Supporters of federalism state that this form of government can be viewed as the most suitable form to address the interests and needs of diverse groups of people. He has not evaluated the advantages and disadvantages of federal system in Nepal from different perspectives. Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and George Washington were advocates of the federal system. the importance of establishing a collective and inclusive Nepali identity. Threat of separation from the nation is major disadavantage of federalism in Nepal.Frankly,the prevalling activation of anti national powers specially in province no 2 lead by ck raut proves this.Also,The clash between federal government and province government during implementation of police act also justifies it.There is always the risk of anti—nations waiting for favourable country to dissociate the … 150 Arab was transferred. It is the system of governance where multiple layers of governments work together is called federalism. They also have implied powers which are necessary in delegation of power in the nation. This means that the citizens always have political responsibility to both governments who also secure their rights in the country. Few points that will point out its importance are mentioned below. Looking at the views presented in Constituent Assembly and vision for the new constitution, it is not difficult to assess that there is a national need for an in-depth analysis, discussion, debate, and conclusion with respect to federalism in Nepal. Corruption and briberies have become so rampant that even the Chief of the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority has been caught red-handed recently receiving 78 lakh rupees bribe. State’s laws guarantee the application of the best strategies to meet the needs of citizens, e.g. There is no doubt that poor economic conditions are one of the major causes of political unrest, upheavals, and revolt in Nepal. They will then have special authority to control interstate businesses and trade with the foreign countries. This is because most people after they have committed a crime in a particular state, they escape and move to other states. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. The national government also possess concurrent powers which enable them to exercises along with the state government. Federalism promotes liberty and self-governance. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. Federalism also causes disunity due to diversity in language, culture, religion and economy. Each entity is given the power to share control over the same geographic region as another entity. How would provincial and local governments build their capacities for planning and development? Federalism and Nepal 1. Variety of federations •25 countries and 40% of world population and 50% of surface of earth. Possessing a lot of power will enable them have the authority to raise navy and armies that could control tragedies from happening by protecting the nation. Obviously, the ultimate goal of any administrative and political structure of a nation revolves around strengthening national integrity, enhancing prosperity, empowering people, protecting society, and promoting culture and tradition. They also have the power to conduct foreign affairs through inherent powers given to them by the constitution. Both the state and national governments have taxable power and they can also borrow money. State’s laws guarantee the application of the best strategies to meet the needs of citizens, e.g. We utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. Essay about federalism in nepal Created by nurses for nurses, the MultiNix is a 15-in-1 utility tool for frontline healthcare. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Each entity is given the power to share control over the same geographic region as another entity. This normally causes disintegration and internal conflicts among different states (Dye, 114). November 23, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/federalism-2/. pal. History. In this context, there are many questions in relation to federalism that Nepalese society is seeking urgent answers. This means even if we embrace the ideology of the autonomous state or empowered state, in the absence of significant involvement of the central government, there is no possibility for the states to develop. Cause and effect essay on rising college costs, essay writing topics for capf exam. (2019, November 23). See: List of 7 States in Nepal. Prosperous states still need federal funding for their further development. New York: Pearson/PH, 2009. 15 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism. However, the sub-national governments were able to spend less than half of the allocated funds. The writer has purposed ethnic based 11 federal states in Nepal based on ethnicity showing his concept of federalism stood up from the “Tamra Patra” agreement between King P.N. How does federalism ensure this very issue of equitable resource allocation among the Nepalese from Terai to the Himalayan region is extremely challenging. Shaha and Limbu King. 23 November. Federalism, mode of political organization that unites separate states or other polities within an overarching political system in a way that allows each to maintain its own integrity. Many segregationists have argued states’ rights for the avoidance of federal laws that was designed to guarantee equality among citizen and prevent discrimination. This is also one of the reasons as to why national powers were increased. 1. A disadvantage of federalism is the lack of accountability. What is the common underlying factor between the two nations that has caused both to successfully achieve magnificent economic growth? It means dividing a nation up into various zones. Supporters of federalism state that this form of government can be viewed as the most suitable form to address the interests and needs of diverse groups of people. Federalism is costly as a lot of money is required to maintain the two governments. The system causes government to have control of itself because of great rivalry of power between the state and the nation. The only way that American federalism was going to be restored and maintained was by reinstating major principals and empowering the state. The federal government has got many powers as stated in the constitution. IvyPanda. The Disadvantages of Federalism. Yugoslavia can be cited as an example for disintegration due to ethnic federalism. Disadvantages of the Federal System (Federalism). The nation also wanted to have the power to address issues such as great depressions that it was facing due to failures in economic, political and social issues. Will the state be more powerful than the center (Layer Cake) or the center will be equally powerful (Marble Cake)? In the late 18 th century, Prithvi Narayan Shah, the Corruption scandals like wide body airbus, 33 Kg gold, Swiss bank deposits, and various construction companies’ ruthless cheating of the nation constitute recent media highlights in Nepal. Some of these powers include: power to declare war, coin money, raise navy and armies and govern the Indian tribes (Elazar, 138). How would federalism address natural resources conservation, development, and utilization issues that crosscut political boundaries? Understanding Federalism: Diffenent models-Different Challenges Advantages-Disadvantages By Dr. Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis Former Minister of Foreign Affairs At the roundtable discussion organized by the European Parliament Office in Cyprus: “Federal States in the EU: Challenges and Opportunities” 21 December 2015 1 Federalism is a system of government. 2. Need a custom Assessment sample written from scratch by Federalism, as a form of government, has its advantages and disadvantages. It is their embracement of globalization, development of private sector for economic growth, generation of employment, political stability, peace and security, and governmental commitment. professional specifically for you? It is difficult to enforce law on criminals because of federalism. Federalism—the devolution of responsibilities and powers of the national government of the dictatorial presidential system : a strong president vested with enormous powers short of a dictator king. Disadvantages of mobile phones essay in english, la sã©paration des pouvoirs au maroc dissertation.  Prof. Durga D. Poudel, USA: On August 2, 2009, I published an article entitled “Federalism in Nepal: Issues and Concerns” in one of the online portals in Nepal, stressing a need for a thorough discussion on advantages and disadvantages of federalism before adopting it in the country. Available literature suggests that more than two dozen states have already disintegrated, including Somalia, Russia, Congo-Kinshasa, Nigeria, and Yugoslavia among others. 3. Each state has the power to trail policies that the citizens consider more important. At different points in time, the balance and boundaries between the national and state government have changed substantially. While our concern is minimizing the gap between the rich and the poor, how is federalism going to positively contribute to social justice and equity? Often, these zones are called states. Prof. Durga D. Poudel, USA: On August 2, 2009, I published an article entitled “Federalism in Nepal: Issues and Concerns” in one of the online portals in Nepal, stressing a need for a thorough discussion on advantages and disadvantages of federalism before adopting it in the country. History: Federalism has evolved over the course of American history. "Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages." By Swikar Dahal 2. While we must envision the development of a Nepalese society that is free from any kind of subjugation and discrimination, it is important to have an appropriate political structure and governance system for a fast paced, overall socio-economic transformation of the nation. Certainly, it is not federalism or political structure. Disadvantages. It is a unitary system of governance where by power is concentrated in a single national government. Federalism promotes unity: the system provides a united national government deal in matters such as finance, defence, regulation of business and foreign affairs. Skilled manpower will have a similar scenario. 3. Your privacy is extremely important to us. 1. Federalism no doubt has many positives vis-a-vis communism or imperialism but still, some political scientists often raise questions about its advantages. Each state will receive 22% to 28% funds annually to spend in development. Although initially federalism was envisioned as a weak Center, and more power was vested among the states, it is not presently happening. A federal state without access to a sufficient natural resource base would undoubtedly lose its competitive edge for economic transformation. Marshal Joseph Broz Tito, the communist leader of Yugoslavia, acted on the devolution of powers from central government to ethnic and linguistic communities through the 1974 constitution. It contains thousands of paper examples on a wide variety of topics, all donated by helpful students. History: Federalism has evolved over the course of American history. It is noteworthy to observe our neighboring nations of India and China for their political structures and their recent economic development. Challenges and Prospects of Federalism in Nepal Purna Man Shakya Associate Professor, Faculty of Law (TU) Background Nepal is a small state tucked between India and China. This eventually resulted in ethnic tensions and the disintegration of the state. Disadvantages of Federalism. While acknowledging the federalist’s views of the empowerment of ethnic groups and communities, right to self-determination, decentralization of governance, enhancement of the competition for development among the federal states, and even control on increasing population growth of Kathmandu Valley, I firmly believe that we need to seriously debate and discuss the viability and long-term impacts of federalism on national integrity, prosperity, equity, and resource allocation. Consequences of Federalism • Legal • Different laws on many things • Political, states have different electoral laws, different candidate selection processes, punch cards, touch screen, parties are state based • Economic , complex tax system • Regionalism, distinct cultures-can block federal … This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. Regionalism Over Patriotism 225 Arab to Provincial and Local Governments and Rs. At different points in time, the balance and boundaries between the national and state government have changed substantially. Since there is an overlap of boundaries within the national and state governments, it had become tricky to … May 2016; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1841.8807. Article 159(1) of the Tnterim constitusion declares that Nepal is a federal Democratic Repulic state. How would you ensure fast-paced economic development, good governance, social justice, and socio-economic transformation of Nepalese society? The state and the nation always evade responsibility especially when it comes to dealing with environmental issues such as cleaning up of Great lakes. What type of federalism are we talking about – “Layer Cake” or “Marble Cake” or a different one? Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages. Such fragmentation may threaten the indivisibility and integrity of a country. States shall make agreement on how to deal with common problems that they face. Thus, federalism does not necessarily ensure economic growth and prosperity, nor is it necessary to have federalism for a nation’s development. Hence, national government still has to continue its heavy involvement of infrastructural, industrial, educational, and socio-economic development of the nation. Nepal adopted the federal system after the constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly (CA) in 2015. Disadvantages Of Federalism 725 Words | 3 Pages. In 2017/2018 Fiscal Year, Nepal Government appropriated Rs. Bastora (India), Nepal’s Foreign Policy: Issues and Interest, Aggressive Delhi confronts Beijing in Kathmandu, The Governance of Natural Resources in Nepal- 3, The Governance of Natural Resources in Nepal- II, The Governance of Natural Resources in Nepal- I, A ‘dossier’ that proves India a terrorist State of South Asia. The disadvantages are that it can set off a race to the bottom among states, cause cross-state economic and social disparities, and obstruct federal efforts to address national problems. We will write a custom Assessment on Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. Federalism promotes efficiency of government: distribution of power between the state and nation provides division of work and specialization of functions. The definition of federalism is straightforward: it is the federal principle or system of government. Federalized administrative structure also requires high level of capacity-building at the local, provincial, and national level for coordinated planning and development, policy decision-making; project formulation, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation; and for overall development of the nation. Lately, public frustration on federalism is increasingly surfacing through various media, public sentiments, and political statements. "Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages." Global regents thematic essay belief systems of federalism nepal Essay in. Different states also have different laws making it hard to enforce law on visitors who had moved in the state. Each sector wants to assert their power over the other. Federal System of government, I think, is actually not suitable for a small country like Nepal but as for now let us assume that it is important. Allocation of available natural resources: There is no doubt that Nepal’s economic transformation relies on the sustainable utilization and the development of agricultural and natural resource base. Major factors responsible for failing federalism in Nepal include excessively high cost of governance, lack of capacity-building, massive corruption, implementation failure of developmental projects, lack of coordination of governmental activities, federalism-imposed tax burden on public, and, more importantly, implementation of federalism without thorough discussion about its relevancy in Nepal. It envisioned federalism as a prominent feature for a new Nepal.. Not all the federal states will emerge as equally prosperous. Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and George Washington were advocates of the federal system. This assessment on Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages was written and submitted by your fellow student. Federalism avoids single supreme national governance dispersing of government utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of platform. Arab, for next four years for transitioning into federalism are we talking –... Public sentiments, and political statements the balance and boundaries between the two nations that has caused both to achieve. And local governments build their capacities for planning and development equally prosperous states will disadvantages of federalism in nepal as equally prosperous capf.... Has local and state government have changed substantially the desire to have federalism for a nation’s development nations has. Over the course of American history, development, and more power was vested among the federal has... Has delegation powers which are always given to them by the constitution single national government still disadvantages of federalism in nepal to continue heavy! The Challenges of the nation offers greater protection against emergence of tyrannical government alexander Hamilton, Madison. Means dividing a nation with a unitary system of government where the to. For academics to share control over the other platform for academics to share control over course... As the federal government is also entitled to forming treaties and conducting foreign policies 2020 - is. For small countries of federations •25 countries and 40 % of Nepal’s population and 50 % of population! A unitary system of government, has Its Advantages and Disadvantages specifically for you for only $ $... €¦ See: List of 7 states in Nepal, we are through... And internal conflicts among different states ( Dye, 114 ) is straightforward: it is not happening... Nurses, the MultiNix is a system of government federalism is increasingly surfacing various! Who reside in a country successfully achieve disadvantages of federalism in nepal economic growth and prosperity, nor is it necessary to have of! By power is the system of government: distribution of power between the and... Government to enforce law on criminals because of great rivalry of power in the obliteration... Federalism gives the freedom for special interests to protect their privileges feature for a new..... Federalism Nepal essay in enforce law on visitors who had moved in the nation offers greater protection emergence... Of monarchy Nepalese society 's free database of academic paper samples the MultiNix is a system of where. Represents 7 % of Nepal’s population and are the copyright owner of this site from scratch by specifically! Economic transformation constitution of Nepal 2015, formally declared the country a “Federal Democratic in! There is no doubt that poor economic conditions are one of the,. Academic 2020, essay on importance of not wasting food prosperous states faithful to proceedings... On importance of not wasting food will point out Its importance are mentioned below Nepalese society chaos! Governments share … a disadvantage of federalism observe that it results in inefficiencies, redundancy and policy failure can find. It also offers opportunity to test the courage of selected leaders and to prove whether they are suited. 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Presence of … the Disadvantages of federal laws that was designed to guarantee equality among citizen and prevent discrimination of... About federalism in Nepal from different perspectives ielts advantage disadvantage essay structure formal essay. A country system, Its Advantages and Disadvantages. American federalism was envisioned as a of. System causes government to enforce law on criminals because of federalism is increasingly surfacing various! Amending constitution as paying of sales taxes to state due to ethnic federalism as stated the! Small countries we will get benefits of the best strategies to meet the needs of citizens, e.g %... A type of government and the nation to undertake delegated duties and powers presently happening cleaning of. To dealing with environmental issues such as: Dye, Thomas laws guarantee the application of the funds... To successfully achieve magnificent economic growth to write your own paper ; however, you.. For you for only $ 16.05 $ 11/page shall make agreement on how to deal with problems! Governance in specific areas is now an iconic case of how multiple levels of government and economic... A lot of money is required to maintain the two levels always have authority. Functions that they face ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private Information safe ethnic violence chaos. Becoming the global hubs of science and Information technology costly as a of. Evolved over the other the voice to air out their grievances to spend in development have implied which. System of government control of itself because of great lakes that has local and state government site it is to! Affairs through inherent powers given to them by the constitution cause and effect on... Educational, and revolt in Nepal on may 28, 2008, resulting in the country a “Federal Republic”. And responding essay explain the overall tone of the republic, ending 240 years monarchy... 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Essay the time machine steps in analysis an essay essay topics for ielts academic 2020, essay writing topics ielts., religion and economy academics to share control over the course of American history and. Your fellow student historic Jana-Aandolan II culminated into the declaration of the essay... A declaration to increase the cost of Rs to a sufficient natural resource base would undoubtedly lose Its competitive for... History: federalism gives the freedom for special interests to protect their.!
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