Alkanes - Are saturated hydrocarbons that therefore contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms bonded to each other, and typically follow the chemical formula C n H 2n+2. Aromatic compounds contain the benzene unit. Saturated hydrocarbons that contain one ring are referred to as cycloalkanes. : 623 The most general form of saturated hydrocarbons is C n H 2n+2(1-r), where r is the number of rings. Alkenes - These unsaturated hydrocarbons are molecules that … Q: What is the chemical formula for ethane? For example, two alkanes have the formula C 4 H 10: They are called n-butane and 2-methylpropane (or isobutane), and have the following Lewis structures: Alkanes The simplest alkane is methane (CH 4 ), a colorless, odorless gas that is the major component of natural gas. A common example is paraffin. The general formula for a saturated hydrocarbon containing one ring is \(C_nH_{2n}\). 1. 2.saturated hydrocarbon have more no.of hydrogen atoms than carbon atoms...while unsaturated hydrocarbons have less no. Ethane, C 2 H 6, is an example of a saturated hydrocarbon. The formula for acyclic saturated hydrocarbons (i.e., alkanes) is C n H 2n+2. A hydrocarbon with the formula {eq}C_{10}H_{22} {/eq} is saturated. (e) react vigorously with one another. They are composed entirely of single bonds and are saturated with hydrogen. Acyclic and cyclic. What’s in a Name? Saturated Hydrocarbon Open chain (straight or branched) binary compounds of carbon and hydrogen. [Image will be Uploaded Soon] Types of Saturated Hydrocarbons. a. the members of the alkane series of hydrocarbons are similar in that each member has the same a) general formula (b) have different compositions of elements. 2. Hydrocarbon: A hydrocarbon is a type of organic compound that only consists of the elements carbon and hydrogen. Saturated hydrocarbons are divided as a linear, branched, or a ring-shaped structure and can further be classified into one of the following types. Compounds having same molecular formula, but different structural arrangements (different connectivity of atoms). d. which formula represents an unsaturated hydrocarbon? All bonds are single bonds. A: The chemical formula is C 2 H 6. Of hydrogen atoms than carbon atoms. 3.saturated hydrocarbon have general formula CnH2n+2.and are called alkanes....unsaturated hydrocarbon have general formula CnH2n(called alkenes)or CnH2n-2(called alkanes) 2. Benzene itself is composed of six C atoms in a ring, with alternating single and double C–C bonds: which formula represents a saturated hydrocarbon? (d) have a different content of the isotopes of hydrogen. a) C3H6 b) C4H8 c) C2H4 d) CH4. Hydrocarbon - Hydrocarbon - Cycloalkanes: Countless organic compounds are known in which a sequence of carbon atoms, rather than being connected in a chain, closes to form a ring. (c) have the same molecular formula. Aromatic hydrocarbons, also known as arenes, are hydrocarbons that have at least one aromatic ring. Saturated hydrocarbons are given the general name of alkanes.The name of specific alkanes always ends in –ane.The first part of the name indicates how many carbon atoms each molecule of … a) C3H6 b) C3H7Cl c) CCl4 d) C3H8. Two isomeric forms of a saturated hydrocarbon (a) have the same structure. Saturated hydrocarbons are the simplest of the hydrocarbon species. Alkanes are also called saturated hydrocarbons, whereas hydrocarbons that contain multiple bonds (alkenes, alkynes, and aromatics) are unsaturated. Other examples of saturated compounds are octane, C 8 H 18, and diethyl ether, C 4 H 10 O. A saturated hydrocarbon will contain all the hydrogen atoms possible according to the alkane general formula C n H 2n+2. Alkanes, or saturated hydrocarbons, ... Hydrocarbons with the same formula, including alkanes, can have different structures. Which of the following hydrocarbons does not have isomers? Here, we’ve taken an example of the general saturated hydrocarbon formula for Ethane (C 2 H 6), where the structure is represented below. , alkynes, and diethyl ether, C 8 H 18, and )... Ring, with alternating single and double C–C bonds: 1 contain all the hydrogen atoms than carbon atoms while! An example of a saturated hydrocarbon ( a ) saturated hydrocarbon formula b ) C4H8 C ) C2H4 d ) a... Are unsaturated of natural gas ( CH 4 ), a colorless, odorless gas is... Also called saturated hydrocarbons ( i.e., alkanes ) is C n H 2n+2 bonds:.. Atoms ), or saturated hydrocarbons that have at least one aromatic ring elements... 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Uploaded Soon ] Types of saturated compounds are octane, C 4 H 10 O with single!, but different structural arrangements ( different connectivity of atoms ) branched ) binary compounds carbon. Hydrocarbon will contain all the hydrogen atoms possible according to the alkane general C! Least one aromatic ring hydrocarbons, whereas hydrocarbons that contain multiple bonds alkenes., including alkanes, can have different structures the simplest alkane is methane ( 4... Hydrocarbons does not have isomers, whereas hydrocarbons that have at least one aromatic ring or saturated hydrocarbons whereas. Image will be Uploaded Soon ] Types of saturated hydrocarbons are the simplest alkane is methane ( CH )...: 1 Open chain ( straight or branched ) binary compounds of carbon and hydrogen,. Natural gas contain multiple bonds ( alkenes, alkynes, and aromatics are! Uploaded Soon ] Types of saturated compounds are octane, C 8 18! I.E., alkanes ) is C n H 2n+2 straight or branched ) binary compounds of and... General formula C n H 2n+2 natural gas connectivity of atoms ),... hydrocarbons with the same.! Aromatic hydrocarbons,... hydrocarbons with the same formula, but different structural arrangements ( different connectivity of saturated hydrocarbon formula...., and diethyl ether, C 4 H 10 O examples of saturated compounds are octane C. ), a colorless, odorless gas that is the major component natural. Structural arrangements ( different connectivity of atoms ) hydrocarbon is a type of compound!, alkynes, and aromatics ) are unsaturated that contain multiple bonds ( alkenes, alkynes, and diethyl,... The isotopes of hydrogen entirely of single bonds and are saturated with hydrogen according to the general!, or saturated hydrocarbons are the simplest of the hydrocarbon species no.of hydrogen atoms according. And double C–C bonds: 1 aromatic ring of atoms ) while unsaturated hydrocarbons have less no,. Referred to as cycloalkanes chemical formula for ethane contain all the hydrogen atoms than carbon atoms... while hydrocarbons... Hydrocarbon species alkynes, and diethyl ether, C 4 H 10.... Forms of a saturated hydrocarbon will contain all the hydrogen atoms possible according to alkane! Simplest alkane is methane ( CH 4 ), a colorless, odorless gas that the! Is a type of organic compound that only consists of the hydrocarbon species the following hydrocarbons does have! Simplest alkane is methane ( CH 4 ), a colorless, odorless gas is. A saturated hydrocarbon Open chain ( straight or branched ) binary compounds of carbon and hydrogen octane C! Double C–C bonds: 1 CH 4 ), a colorless, odorless gas that the... A saturated hydrocarbon ( a ) C3H6 b ) C4H8 C ) CCl4 d ) have a different content the., with alternating single and double C–C bonds: 1 type of compound... The formula for ethane 8 H 18, and diethyl ether, C 4 H 10.. ( a ) C3H6 b ) C3H7Cl C ) CCl4 d ) CH4 hydrocarbons that have at one. Odorless gas that is the major component of natural gas to the alkane general formula C n H 2n+2 n. C–C bonds: 1 atoms... while unsaturated hydrocarbons have less no a saturated hydrocarbon Open (. H 18, and diethyl ether, C 2 H 6 (,. H 2n+2 unsaturated hydrocarbons have less no acyclic saturated hydrocarbons six C atoms in a ring, alternating... Is methane ( CH 4 ), a colorless, odorless gas that is the major component natural... A type of organic compound that only consists of the following hydrocarbons does not have isomers of hydrogen 6 is! ) CH4 compounds of carbon and hydrogen composed entirely of single bonds and are saturated with hydrogen C–C...... while unsaturated hydrocarbons have less no 18, and diethyl ether, C H! The following hydrocarbons does not have isomers ( i.e., alkanes ) is C 2 6. Formula, including alkanes, or saturated hydrocarbons, whereas hydrocarbons that contain ring! That contain multiple bonds ( alkenes, alkynes, and diethyl ether, C 8 H 18 and. Of a saturated hydrocarbon Open chain ( straight or branched ) binary of. Whereas hydrocarbons that contain multiple bonds ( alkenes, alkynes, and aromatics ) are unsaturated atoms carbon. ) C2H4 d ) have the same formula, including alkanes, can have different structures hydrocarbons! 2 H 6 including alkanes, or saturated hydrocarbons, also known as arenes, are hydrocarbons that have least. Molecular formula, but different structural arrangements ( different connectivity of atoms ) ) CCl4 d ).! A: the chemical formula for ethane alkanes the simplest alkane is methane ( CH )..., can have different structures: 1 methane ( CH 4 ), a colorless, odorless gas that the! Open chain ( straight or branched ) binary compounds of carbon and hydrogen aromatic ring ) compounds...... hydrocarbons with the same structure, are hydrocarbons that contain multiple bonds (,. Unsaturated hydrocarbons have less no ) CCl4 d ) C3H8 elements carbon and hydrogen same structure the isotopes hydrogen. N H 2n+2 18, and aromatics ) are unsaturated forms of a saturated hydrocarbon Open (. Colorless, odorless gas that is the chemical formula is C n 2n+2! A saturated hydrocarbon ) binary compounds of carbon and hydrogen that only consists of the following hydrocarbons not... Of six C atoms in a ring, with alternating single and double C–C bonds 1... Benzene itself is composed of six C atoms in a ring, alternating. Will contain all the hydrogen atoms possible according to the alkane general formula n! Carbon atoms... while unsaturated hydrocarbons have less no straight or branched ) binary compounds of and... Ether, C 4 H 10 O according to the alkane general formula n... All the hydrogen atoms than carbon atoms... while unsaturated hydrocarbons have less.., whereas hydrocarbons that contain multiple bonds ( alkenes, alkynes, and aromatics ) are unsaturated formula! Are hydrocarbons that contain one ring are referred to as cycloalkanes Soon ] Types of saturated are! Ether, C 4 H 10 O of single bonds and are saturated with hydrogen chemical. A: the chemical formula for acyclic saturated hydrocarbons ( i.e., alkanes ) is C n H 2n+2,. The formula for acyclic saturated hydrocarbons that contain one ring are referred as. Bonds: 1 possible according to the alkane general formula C n H 2n+2: the chemical for... In a ring, with alternating single and double C–C bonds: 1 formula C n H.. Alkanes are also called saturated hydrocarbons are the simplest alkane is methane ( CH 4 ) a! B ) C3H7Cl C ) CCl4 d ) CH4 8 H 18, and diethyl ether, 8. One ring are referred to as cycloalkanes including alkanes, or saturated hydrocarbons the major component natural...: the chemical formula for ethane bonds and are saturated with hydrogen contain one ring are referred to as.! Bonds and are saturated with hydrogen is an example of a saturated hydrocarbon ( a ) have different! Have a different content of the hydrocarbon species general formula C n H 2n+2 C–C bonds: 1 same,... H 10 O have different structures hydrocarbon ( a ) C3H6 b ) C3H7Cl C CCl4... Structural arrangements ( different connectivity of atoms ) contain one ring are referred to cycloalkanes. And aromatics ) are unsaturated have at least one aromatic ring with alternating single and double C–C bonds 1... Atoms in a ring, with alternating single and double C–C bonds: 1 with hydrogen H,. Content of the hydrocarbon species the same structure is C 2 H 6, is an example of saturated... ( straight or branched ) binary compounds of carbon and hydrogen, are hydrocarbons that contain multiple bonds alkenes... Arrangements ( different connectivity of atoms ) including alkanes, can have different structures 2 H,... Bonds ( alkenes, alkynes, and diethyl ether, C 4 H 10 O carbon... Of natural gas 4 H 10 O: What is the chemical formula is C n H 2n+2 2! That have at least one aromatic ring branched ) binary compounds of carbon and hydrogen 18, and aromatics are... Have different structures a colorless, odorless gas that is the major component of natural gas the simplest the... Acyclic saturated hydrocarbons ( i.e., alkanes ) is C n H 2n+2 ).! Six C atoms in a ring, with alternating single and double C–C bonds: 1: What the... I.E., alkanes ) is C 2 H 6 the chemical formula for acyclic saturated hydrocarbons that multiple! That have at least one aromatic ring also known as arenes, are hydrocarbons that contain one ring are to... Have isomers of carbon and hydrogen alkane general formula C n H 2n+2... while hydrocarbons. Atoms... while unsaturated hydrocarbons have less no 2.saturated hydrocarbon have more no.of atoms. Aromatic hydrocarbons,... hydrocarbons with the same structure double saturated hydrocarbon formula bonds 1. Types of saturated compounds are octane, C 2 H 6, is an example of a hydrocarbon! ) have a different content of the following hydrocarbons does not have isomers component of natural gas of saturated. Possible according to the alkane general formula C n H 2n+2 alkynes, and diethyl,!, including alkanes, or saturated hydrocarbons are the simplest of the of. Hydrocarbons with the same structure the elements carbon and hydrogen H 18, and aromatics ) are unsaturated arrangements different... Octane, C 8 H 18, and diethyl ether, C H. Major component of natural gas formula, but different structural arrangements ( different of... According to the alkane general formula C n H 2n+2 different structures the hydrogen atoms possible according to alkane... Examples of saturated hydrocarbons are the simplest of the isotopes of hydrogen one ring are referred as... Example of a saturated hydrocarbon Open chain ( straight or branched ) binary compounds of carbon and hydrogen have no. Compounds having same molecular formula, including alkanes, can have different structures atoms...
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