Exotic Waterfalls. Regardless of the fact that they had different beliefs, their practices revolved around beliefs in the spirit world, gods and goddesses. On 1 July 1960, Ghana became a commonwealth republic with Nkrumah as the first President of the country. No satisfactory chronology has been established, nor can existing ethnic groups be identified before the 17th century. 06 Demonym: Ghanaian. The centre of the empire of Ghana lay about 500 miles (800 km) to the northwest of the nearest part of the modern state, and it is reasonably certain that no part of the latter lay within its borders. 5. Christianity has been accepted and it has led to the gradual facing out of traditional practices. The meeting was attended by Kwame Nkrumah. Trade was facilitated by the abundance of iron, copper, … The country is still struggling in its efforts of becoming a middle income earning nation. b) English. c) Gold Coast. It is … Which is the capital of Ghana? The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in 1470. The Akan peoples established the next major civilization, beginning in the 13th century, and then the Ashanti empire flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries. At its close there appears a Lupemban culture (see Lupemban industry), probably from the desiccating Sahara; it occurs in basal gravels of valleys carved during the preceding pluvial period. The ancient empire of Ghana (located 500 mi northwest of the contemporary state) reigned until the 13th century. Before 1957, Ghana was popularly referred to as ‘The Gold Coast’. Ghana is named after an ancient gold-trading empire that flourished in the West African interior between the 4th and 10th centuries, when the trans-Sahara caravan route linked the region to the Mediterranean via Timbuktu. They like to wear clothes made of silk. Ghana History Facts and Timeline (Ghana, GH, Western Africa) Known for its lengthy coast, gold and slave trade, Ghana has a recent recorded history mostly involving colonialism and independence. Ghana's history prior to the 15th century is concentrated primarily on oral traditions. 6. As elsewhere in Africa, the climate of Ghana varied during the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). With increases in aridity, humans reappeared, bringing Late Acheulean and Sangoan cultures (see Sangoan industry), probably successively. The government has been on the fore-front to help curb market malpractices in an effort to rid the economy of the effects of bad market practices. In the succeeding pluvial era, the Acheulean culture (see Acheulean industry) is lacking save for the extreme north. It is also called the Wagadou Empire. Ghana’s history is marked by very notable events, some of which helped shape Africa’s history. Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa, partly because of its considerable natural wealth and partly because it was the first black African country south of the Sahara to achieve independence from colonial rule. The person who inherits the widow takes on the role of the husband. 2.2 European contact (15th century) 2.3 Transition to independence. Here are some of the fascinating things to know about this historic city. 03 Language: English. It has a central area of forest and sandy beaches along the coast. Initially, during the medieval times, Ghana was called the ‘Wagadugu Empire’. It is against this background that the traditions of origin of the Ghanaian states must be viewed. Key facts… What is the capital of Ghana? The name was changed to Ghana because its thought that the present day natives ancestors were migrants from the ancient kingdom of Ghana. Gold was the main reason why Ghana was colonized. It is located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea. How was Ghana formerly known? Ghana was known as the center of the gold, ivory, and slave trade during the 17th and 18th centuries Ashanti empire, which rose to power during the late seventeenth century. The main economic activity in Ghana is agriculture. Agriculture being the main economic activity has seen most people turn to farming. More archaeological research, especially into the Iron Age, will undoubtedly do much toward resolving present uncertainties about the early history of modern Ghana, but, for the moment, little more can be said than that the traditions of many of the states into which the country was divided before it came under British rule refer to their people having immigrated to them within the last 600 years either from the north or northwest or from the east or northeast. A meeting was conveyed in Manchester, England in 1945 where serious issues on African people liberation were raised. It would seem that the first states of the Akan-speaking peoples who now inhabit most of the forest and coastlands were founded about the 13th century by the settlement, just north of the forest, of migrants coming from the direction of Mande; that the dominant states of northern Ghana, Dagomba, Mamprusi, and their satellites were established by the 15th century by invaders from the Hausa region; that a little later the founders of the Ga and Ewe states of the southeast began to arrive from what is now Nigeria by a more southerly route; and that Gonja, in the centre, was created by Mande conquerors about the beginning of the 17th century. Ghana was a powerful trading empire in western Africa. The Sangoan culture waned in the Gamblian pluvial era. Ghanaians have a strict cultural practice that they uphold until today, that of being a hospitable people. 1. The actual name of the Empire was Wagadugu. 07 President: John Dramani Mahama. The latest Mesolithic Period has stone hoes, quartz beads, and other Congo types; pottery seems absent. The government has tried to make the environment conducive for foreign as well as the local people. The main Cash crop grown in Ghana is Cocoa. Ghana’s port city of Accra is the commercial hub of the country. Ghana has a coastline in the Atlantic Ocean. European imports are unknown before the 17th century. The empire became known in Europe and Arabia as the Ghana Empire after the title of its Emperor, the Ghana. African traditional societies were mostly based on strong social structures. For example, even though polygamy is accepted, it is slowly being replaced by monogamy as people embrace Christian teachings that condemn polygamy. a) Accra. 04 Currency: Ghana Cedi. The main economic crop grown in Ghana is the famous cocoa plant. They moved along the Togo mountain range from the Niger River. Archaeological evidence indicates that present-day Ghana has been inhabited for many thousand years. Ghanaians love for food has made them produce the largest open air market in West Africa. Culture and tradition of the Ghanaian people of West Africa are mixed especially due to the fact that … It was the first country in Africa to gain independence. Ghana was the name that was used as the title of the king who ruled the land which the country now stands on in the medieval times. It gained its independence on March 6, 1957. Trade in greenstone for ax manufacture flourished. Polished stone was commonly used until the 16th century, especially in the forest. Apart from some pebble tools from high river terraces, the first industry is Late Chellean in the southeast. c) 1482. In Ghana, this is upheld to date. Cape Coast is located in Ghana’s Central Region, and thanks to its time as a trading post, the location where many slaves were held before being shipped to the Americas, and its colonial history, it is an important focal point of pan-African history. Many modern Ghanaian peoples possess well-preserved oral traditions, but, even though some of these may reach as far back as the 14th century, this is after the final disappearance of the empire of Ghana and such very early traditions often present considerable problems of interpretation. Ancient Ghana was located hundreds of miles to the north of present-day Ghana between the Senegal and Niger rivers. They contain polished axes and usually coarse pottery. Ghana is located in west Africa and it boarders Burkina Faso and Togo. The “kente” fashion sense has its roots in Ghana, Ghanaian women love to use beads as a fashion accessory, Ghanaian people enjoy music, dancing and they are a people who love playing the drum, Ghanaian people love food. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ghana is largely a plain but it has some distinct hills. However, it is believed that people may have inhabited what is present-day Ghana from about 1500 BCE. The capital City of Ghana is Accra which has a population of approximately 2.273 million people (2015 est.) English is the official national language in Ghana. Ghana was ranked as Africa’s most peaceful country by the Global Peace Index. This culture is independent of the Saharan Mesolithic. This was due to the availability large reserves of gold that were found along river Volta and river Ankobra. This has brought a surplus of food and in turn low prices thus leading to increased poverty levels, The country has been hit by a wave of inflation lately that is affecting development, Foreigners and locals are being encouraged to do business in Ghana. The Southern part has mostly the poor people. How Ghana became the hottest destination for African-American travelers How Ghana became the hottest destination for African-American travelers What do … Nkrumah’s administration, the 1966 coup, and the return to civilian rule. The struggle for independence in Ghana started after World War II and was initiated by the people who had come from the war. History Timeline- Chronology of Important Events. The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire. In this way the inhabitants of what is now Ghana were influenced by the new wealth and cross-fertilization of ideas that arose in the great empires of the western Sudan following the development of Islamic civilization in northern Africa. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ghana was formerly known as the Gold Coast. It has an abundance of culture with it boasting of at least five major language groups namely; Dagomba, Ewe, Fante, Ashanti and the Ga. When did the Portuguese build Elmina Castle? 47. Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) traditions lingered into the succeeding subpluvial era. Evidence is lacking for the introduction of iron. Ultimately, these streams stemmed from the existence of two major trans-Saharan routes, a western one linking the headwaters of the Niger and Sénégal rivers to Morocco and a more central one linking the region between the Niger Bend and Lake Chad with Tunisia and Tripoli. Written sources relate only to Muslim contacts with the empire of Ghana from about the 8th to the 13th century or to the period since European contact with the Gold Coast—i.e., modern Ghana—which began in the 15th century. In 1482, the Portuguese built a trading settlement there. Ghana Facts. Ghana’s population now stands at over 27,499,924 people. When did Ghana become independent? Tradition tends to present these migrations as movements of whole peoples. 46. 2. Feel free to send anything via mail! Brief History of Ghana: Ghana used to be called the Gold Coast. This is seen by their continued practice of popular traditional activities like marriage ceremonies for the woman that happen before marriage, ceremonies held after harvesting and ceremonies carried out after giving birth. Ghana is mainly flat, but there are hills in the northern part of the country. Medieval Ghana (4th - 13th Century): The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval Ghana Empire of West Africa. Ghana is endowed with great natural wealth including exotic waterfalls, beaches, … Over the centuries that followed, Gold Coast became the si… The empire was most active from the 700s to the 1200s. Ghana has a higher birth rate than death rate. Ghana, formerly known as the Gold Coast, was … The first black president of Ghana was Kwame Nkrumah. Sangoan tools abound in Transvolta and around Accra and extend to Kumasi; the west remained forest and was rarely visited. Ghana is a mixed religion state, having people who profess the Christian faith and others who are Muslims. The modern state of Ghana is named for the African empire that flourished until the 13th century and was situated close to the Sahara in the western Sudan (see Ghana). All these cultures have been intertwined, by way of marriage and association, to help achieve national unity and encourage development. In central Ghana its tools are shapely; near the coast, crude and formless. Its lands are now partly in Mauritania and partly in Mali. Humans lived in this African country from 1500 BC, although there is no relation with the people of today. With greater precipitation, the forest spread northward and humans retreated toward the Sahara; when precipitation diminished, they occupied even the present forest. In 1946, Ghana had drafted their own constitution. The flag of Ghana consists of the colours red, gold, green, and the black star. The act of polygamy is widely accepted in the country, but in most cases, it is only practiced by the affluent people. 3. Which country is to the east of Ghana? 2.1 Medieval kingdoms. Such traditions link up with other evidence to suggest that the area that is now Ghana was for many centuries a meeting place for two great streams of western African history. Which is the official language of Ghana? We'll explore the history of the land and learn about the people, culture, and the rich resources of this country. The Ghana Empire from 300 AD to 700 AD was larger than the Ghana we know today. Ghana has the largest market in West Africa. Ghanaian people are truly the kind of people who are fond of keeping their cultural heritage alive. Ghana is a country located in West Africa. This was due to the availability large reserves of gold that were found along river Volta and river Ankobra. European contact with Ghana began in 1470. Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence post-colonialism. Not connected geographically to the modern state of Ghana, the Ghana Empire was located in the western Sudan savannah region (modern southern Mauritania and Mali) sandwiched between the Sahara desert to the north and the rainforests to the south. 7. Ghana is a colonial creation, pieced together from numerous indigenous societies arbitrarily consolidated, and … With greater precipitation, the forest spread northward and humans retreated toward the Sahara; when precipitation diminished, they occupied even the present forest. The recipes from Ghana are appreciated all over the world, Ghanaian people are one of the most literate in Africa, with the literacy level at 76.6%. The veterans started the struggle for independence because they had been influenced by the war. 08 Religion: Christian and Muslim. Several Neolithic (New Stone Age) cultures seem identifiable. Ghana has managed to embrace traditionalism and has incorporated it into their laws for example, they have legalized polygamy. African-Americans, including Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X, visited Ghana, and many Africans still struggling for their own independence looked on it as a beacon of the future to come. 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