In each of these ministries, they have their senior civil servant and the permanent secretary. The judiciary also performs checks on the power of the executive and the legislature. Top primary values and principles of constitutional democracy, Advantages and disadvantages of democracy. Provision of homes for destitute and infirm, cemeteries and burial grounds. The organs of government include the legislative (law making); the executive (enforcement … Each applicant for the post of the federal minister must meet the criteria for candidates for elections to the National Assembly. In this system, the tiers of government are the Federal, the State, and the Local Governments. The most respectable judicial body among the arms of government is The Judiciary. It is the prime duty of the government to keep the society intact and in peace. This means states disburse funds to local governments under them. The National Assembly serves as a check on the executive arm of the government. The three of them are involved in delivering dividends of democracy to the people. Each branch has its drawbacks, but a lot of people every day work to eliminate them. There are three tiers of government in Nigeria, namely the federal, state, and local governments. The local government council governs the local government area in the state. At this tier of government, the country is divided into 36 states and a federal territory. At this tier of government, the country is divided into 36 states and a federal territory. It also includes the consideration of cases of high treason. The upper chamber is under the leadership of the senate president that is always elected as a result of the consensus voting among the senators. Unfortunately, the Local Government which is the third tier of government and the closest to the people is left out. These three levels of government share the authority and responsibility for the provision of agricultural services. The review examined FAAC disbursements in the first quarter of this year and made projections on the possible impacts of COVID-19 on government revenues. And at this level, we have 2 chambers the lower chamber and the upper chamber. A certain percentage of the monthly allocation goes to states and the local governments. Nigeria runs a federal system of government. It ultimately determines the entire judicial system of society. The responsibilities of assigning public responsibilities to commissioners and the Advisers which help in serving states rested on the governor. Nigeria operates a three-tier type of government (federal, state, and local). Also, the Federal Government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Nigeria in the National Assembly, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively. Base on these, suggestions are made on how it can be more effective in the Nigeria society. The Legislature possesses supremacy and independence in the sphere of establishing the legal principles of state and public life. There are three tiers of government in Nigeria, namely the federal, state, and local governments. So, what are the three tiers of Nigerian health … smooth fiscal control by Federal government that makes constitutional changes more frequent. The setup of state governments is similar to that of the federal government only that the scale is smaller. He is the head of state and the main commander of the army. The states and local governments also look inwards within themselves to generate more funds to finance their activities. All these function hands in hands to see to the perfect running of the council and also see to people getting their dividends across the grassroots area. Appointment-making. In both experience, it is seen that federalization through constitutionalism still has its limits. The Chief Judge of each state is appointed by the governor of that state on the advice of the National Judicial Council and the State House of Assembly. Take, for example, it is the executive that appoints the Chief Justice as well as other Judges, who served in the Supreme Court and High Courts. All of them work … The executive level of government is also responsible for such services as education, healthcare, welfare, and finance. The federal government of Nigeria is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Nigeria in the National Assembly, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively.. Nigeria is a federal republic, with executive power exercised by the president. In each state, there exists a house of assembly. The judiciary comprises of the Supreme Court of Nigeria which presides over the Federal Courts (the court of appeal, the Sharia court of appeal of FCT, the federal high court, the customary court of appeal and the high court of the FCT), State Courts (the Sharia court of appeal, and the customary court of appeal the high court), and Election Tribunals. The federal government is mainly responsible for Provision and maintenance of public conveniences, and refuse disposal. Three arms of government in Nigeria are: The Federal Executive level is headed by the president. In this way executive, legislative, judiciary structure is a symbol of the organizational hierarchy. Senate is the upper chamber, and it consists of 109 senators. This tier of government is meant to bring power closer to the people. Ministers are appointed from all states of the federation in line with the principle of federal character. The separation of powers is the result, and the essential characteristic of the degree of state development, the condition and prerequisite for the organization and functioning of the rule of law. President takes this position for 4 years after the nationwide election. The judiciary branch of the Nigerian government is saddled with the responsibility of interpreting laws as well as ensuring compliance with these laws. This body functions in the same way the National House of Assembly. The president is the head of government and he also heads the Executive arm of the federal government. The Legislature A federation is an association or a union of autonomous states that come together for the purpose of enhancing better relationship or improving their common good. Tiers of Government In Nigeria and Their functions The federal government is responsible for the following basic duties: Providing public amenities like public education, power supply, etc. You can already guess that Nigerian health care system is organized around the federal structure of this country. In Nigeria, the duties and functions of the different arms or tiers of government are provided for in the Constitution. {{{Kano has the highest number which is 44 while Bayelsa has the smallest number of 9.}}} The lower Chamber of Legislature is The House of Representatives. Construction and maintenance of roads, street drains, street lighting, parks, open spaces, and other public highways. They make up his cabinet. The President appoints the Chief Justice of the federation and once appointed, he cannot be removed from office except by death, retirement (at age 70), or by impeachment by the Senate. Government Revenues in Nigeria decreased to 864.88 NGN Billion in the first quarter of 2020 from 1418.87 NGN Billion in the fourth quarter of 2019. The three-level structure implies that the life of society is managed on various levels. State and local governments collaborate on issues related to the development of agriculture and non-mineral natural resources, health services and primary, adult and vocational education. The country runs a presidential system of government akin to that of the United States, with a bicameral legislature, a senate, and a house of representatives at the centre. The Constitution obliges the head of state to hold regular meetings with the Vice-President and members of the government about the development of the main directions of domestic and foreign policy. We have been able to look at all the arms of governments and the tiers, sit back and digest, Your email address will not be published. The roles of the arms and tiers of government are different and these are explained below. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Types Of Government In Nigeria And Their Functions. The different taxes are as follows: (A) FEDERAL TAXES: The Federal government is the largest and most powerful tier of government in Nigeria. The local governments have their councils. Three tiers of healthcare in Nigeria. Government Revenues in Nigeria averaged 873.38 NGN Billion from 2010 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 1418.87 NGN Billion in the fourth quarter of 2019 and a record low of 498.54 NGN Billion in the second quarter of 2015. It is the level of government that is closest to the people and is within the people. The revenue sharing and expenditure assignment formula has been generally inadequate in addressing the needs and resource gaps among the three tiers of government. The same person cannot simultaneously be a member of the government and the National Assembly. Control and regulation of shops, restaurants, kiosks, and other venues for sales of food. 1. this chamber is known as the House of Representatives. The Supreme Court also deals with issues of tax law, finance, property rights, trade, transport, customs legislation, criminal offences in these areas of activity. Of course, even this system has its drawbacks, but the independence and cohesion of all three branches of the government still show good results of teamwork. States and local governments presently have a joint account. The  3rd level which also is the last level of the types of government in Nigeria is the local government. Currently, there are 774 local governments in the area. The federal government is the most senior level of government. The primary function of the judiciary is the interpretation of the law and strengthening the rule of law, ensuring compliance with legislation and developing democracy. Tiers of Government in Nigeria Politics 12 Comments The Nigerian government structure is made up of three tiers, which are the federal government, state government and the local government. The primary function of this government arm is lawmaking. At the state level, Nigeria operates a form of the Unicameral legislature and at the federal level, Nigeria operates a Bicameral legislature. The House of Assembly of each state consists of 3 times the total number of seats that state has in the House of Representatives. The governor has the power to appoint the rest of his cabinet, which are the commissioners and advisers (unlike the federal level where they are called ministers). This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. This branch of government is divided into several federal ministries that are headed by ministers appointed by the president. The current president of Nigeria is Muhammadu Buhari. Nigeria has three arms of government, and they have different features and functions. The arms of government are the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary. Typically the challenges of fiscal federalism in Nigeria hinge on the equity of the expenditure assignment and revenue-raising functions amongst the three tiers of government. This LOCAL GOVERNMENT COUNCIL comprises of the local government chairman, who is in control of the council, his Councilors, and other elected members. The Commission must be fair and just to the three tiers and arms of government without compromising its core mandate. State governments are charged with carrying out duties that ensure quality living for people living in their states. The president appoints his ministers and special advisers. To go into the types of government in Nigeria, we need to know the form of rule. The judiciary has the prerogative to interpret laws with the Supreme Court as the highest level of the judiciary in the land. PROBLEMS OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA AND SOLUTIONS, History of Public Administration in Nigeria, TYPES OF CULTURE IN NIGERIA AND THEIR IMPORTANCE, NIGERIAN TRIBES AND THEIR NAMES FOR GOD (Different Languages). Three arms of government in Nigeria are: 1. No matter how diligent a company headquarter is, it cannot reach all corners in the nation, so it creates divisions to oversee activities at various levels in a bid to attain efficient administration. Arms of Government in Nigeria – Photo Source: https://dumielauxepices.net 2. Unfortunately, in Nigeria, local governments struggle from the lack of autonomy from the state governments, as well as from the lack of funds. type of government operated in a country will determine the level of taxing powers of each tiers of government. The House of Representatives is made of 360 members who are elected in single-member constituencies from all states of the federation. The president may, at his discretion, assign to the vice-president and federal ministers the tasks of implementing the government policy. The legislative arm of the state government is headed by the Speaker while the Chief Justice of the state heads the Judiciary. Provision of security to its citizens’ lives and properties. This body is to see looking into check and balances of Nigeria. This paper focused on how the three tiers of government actually work in delivering extension services, and whether there is synergy of responsibilities—both financial and managerial—to improve accountability and performance. The legislative arm of the federal government is headed by the Senate president who is also the chairman of the National Assembly. The Representatives of all the local government area within the states are what makes up the House of Assembly. TIERS OF GOVERNMENT Government is defined as an agency that carries out the functions or business of the state. The ministries are responsible for various government-owned corporations. Taxes payable to the Federal Government are administered by the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS), while those payable to the State Governments are administered by the State Boards of Internal Revenue (SBIRs) of the thirty- six states of the Federation. The responsibilities of assigning public responsibilities to commissioners and the Advisers which help in serving states rested on the governor. The Supreme Court is the apex court in Nigeria and its judgment or decision is final. These three levels of government share the authority and respon sibility for Without separation of powers and an appropriate, effective system, there can be no rule of law. The Chief Judge of the Federation heads the judiciary arm of the federal government. Taxes of each tier of government in Nigeria have been clearly documented by the Joint Tax Board (JTB) so as to avoid multiple collections of taxes from the same taxpayer at least in theory. Keywords: three tier federative structure, Brazil, Nigeria, Local government autonomy, constitutionalism. The Executive 2. The delimitation of competencies and powers between the bodies and officials of the state has been known for a long time, but not all world states follow this. The state executive council is made of the commissioners, the Deputy Governor, and the Governor. Fans say as Davido's wife-to-be shares revealing IG photos, After dating for 8 years with no hope of marriage, lady drags boyfriend to court, here is what the judge did, 2023: APC takes crucial decision on Umahi, Dogara after emergency NEC meeting, People of this community are N2.8bn richer as 81-year-old woman with no relatives dies and leaves the money for them, Nigerian lady rides her motorcycle from Lagos state to Onitsha and back in 17 hours, many react (photos). The main function of Vice-President, according to the Constitution is to replace the president in case of his retirement, resignation or death. The cabinet of the president consists of one member from each state. The House of  Representatives seats is not evenly distributed among the states, unlike the Senate seats. Introduction The executive level consists of Federal Ministries. “While total disbursements in Q1 2020 were slightly higher than Q1 2019 and Q1 2018, disbursements to the three tiers of government in Q1 2020 were slightly lower than Q1 2019 and Q1 2018. That was a quick overview of the three tiers of government in Nigeria. There are 3 branches in the government of Nigeria and these are; The arms of government in Nigeria are set up in such a way that is designed to enforce the law, see to the running of the nation and other responsibilities. Each state has 3 senatorial districts with a senator representing each district while the federal capital territory supplies a lone senator. Breaking: Massive heartbreak in DMW camp as Davido loses personal bodyguard of over 6 years, Hilarious video of Zlatan Ibile trying to feed Davido with meat in private jet gets Nigerians laughing, Odemwingie reveals another big secret about Kanu Nwankwo's wife, sends strong message to the Arsenal legend, Mummy Ifeanyi take it easy on us! Traditional rulers desire good leadership from rulers in the three tiers of government and campaign for it all over the country. Local government is also known as the third tier of government in a federation system of government so in Nigeria local government home the power has given to them by the constitution of federal republic of Nigeria do their duties to ensures the development of … Supreme Court headed by the Chief Judge, and there are 21 associated judges. Required fields are marked *. The governor has the power to appoint the rest of his cabinet, which are the commissioners and advisers (unlike the federal level where they are called ministers). National Assembly represents The Legislature. Nigeria’s Federal Government, 36 States and the 774 Local Government Councils shared a total sum of N5.9 trillion was shared from the Federation Account in 2017. Intergovernmental collaboration exists between the federal government and state governments on health care and social welfare, antiquities and monuments, statistics and surveys, scientific and technological research, industrial, commercial and agricultural development and electricity. They also generate revenues within their states. We can see the arms in the light of types of Government in Nigeria. Appointments made by the president are subject to the approval of the National Assembly. In Nigeria, the issue of sharing resources among the three levels of government has remained controversial due to lack of an acceptable formula. the Senate which is otherwise known as the upper chamber has 109 Senators who are the members of the Assembly. The National Assembly is also responsible for the approval or disapproval of bills passed to the house. What are the arms of government and why are there three branches? The country runs a democratic system of government. Each state of the federation is divided into smaller units called local government areas. All 3 tiers of government work together for the growth and development of the country. The Senate president is the third in the line of succession to the presidential seat. The legislative branch at the state level of the Nigerian government is called the state House of Assembly. OF THE STUDY Nigeria as a sovereign nation operates a federal system of government i.e the federal government, state government and the local government councils. Conclusion The functions of traditional rulers in community development involves ruling their kingdoms or domains to bring progress and economic freedom for subjects. The ministries which are the federal civil service departments are saddled with responsibilities of different government functions. Establishment, maintenance, and regulation of markets, motor parks, etc. Therefore, they are saddled with a … The Judiciary is the guardian of the Constitution. This speaker is always aided by the deputy speaker of the Assembly. State governors are referred to as chief security officers of their states. The deputy senate president assists the Senate president in terms of proceedings and other duties that relate to the Plenary. Under current Nigerian law, taxation is enforced by the 3 tiers of government, i.e. all the 3 arms are always financed by the federal government. Each State government is headed by a Governor who assisted by a deputy in piloting the affairs of the state. The Judiciary 3. They carry out duties such as road construction, they are stakeholders in the education sector, internal trade between states, agriculture, social welfare, health, surveys, electricity and even internal security. Each State government is headed by a Governor who assisted by a deputy in piloting the affairs of the state. Your email address will not be published. The naming of roads, streets, and numbering of houses. This means that only the central or federal government can legislate on the subjects in the exclusive lists. President is required to approve laws. It starts with the three tiers of government in Nigeria. Are appointed from all states of the federal structure of this country constitutional changes frequent! 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