Spacing: Finger millet is often grown intercropped with other plants such as peanut, cowpea, pigeon pea and Niger seeds. Introduction: Fox tail is also known as Italian millet, and German millet.It is generally grown as a rainfed crop in India. The main advantage of this crop is, it can withstand drought conditions and grain shelf life is long. https://www.chitrasfoodbook.com/2014/07/milletstypes-of-milletshealth.html Though this crop is drought resistant, subsequent irrigations should be carried out at weekly intervals. Give 4 to 5 ploughings to bring the soil to fine tilth stage. After this, beds and channels should be formed. Goitrogen is a component present in millet which can interfere with the production of the thyroid hormones and may prevent the iodine uptake by the thyroid gland. Finger millet crop can be cultivated in altitudes of 1000 meter to 2000 meter with an average temperature of 28°C. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.). Height: Finger millet usually is between 40 and 100 cm high. Minor millets — foxtail millet, little millet, kodo millet, proso millet and barnyard millet —as well as the major millets sorghum (great millet), bajra (pearl millet) and ragi (finger millet) are increasingly being included in the food basket of rural and urban households. Name ... Ragi in english is known as Finger Millet. 2004 Aug 4;1689(3):190-201. However, it has been cultivated in Uganda and Ethiopia for thousands of years. It also has anti-bacterial properties and it also helps you to control dieabetes. Commonly called as "Bajra" in Marathi. It give high yield, also minimize use of chemical fertilizer and help to maintain fertility of soil. Wheat and rice may be amongst the most popular grains, but millets (such as pearl millet (bajra), foxtail millet (kangni), sorghum (jowar), finger millet (ragi), etc), are amongst the healthiest of grains available today. Cookies help us deliver our services. Proso Millet is otherwise called as common millet, hog millet, broom corn, yellow hog, Hershey or white millet (Baltensperger, 1996). In Finger Millet : 55-61%. Ragi or finger millet is a cereal crop widely grown in Africa and Asia. Just like the foxtail millet, little millet also is rich in Iron and is high in fiber like the Kodo with high antioxidant activity. 1) Cropping Pattern: Crop rotation is very important in finger millet crop. Rain-fed millet crops should be cut close to the ground, stalks should be allowed to wither for 2 days in the field. In north India, for finger millet crop rotation with gram, mustard, tobacco, barley, linseed is commonly followed. They cost less than rice or … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Manures and Fertilizers for  Finger Millet Crop:- Please see the land preparation for farmyard manure (FMY) requirement. PMID: 15276645 ; Hegde PS, Anitha B, Chandra TS. World Top 10 Production Countries of Millet:- The following are leading countries of millet production. It is also an excellent choice when combined with other millets. You should harvest the crop when ears of the spike are yellowish brown. Harvesting of Finger Millet:- Usually, finger millet crop will be ready for cutting 3 to 5 months after sowing, depending on the cultivar (variety), season and soil properties. Finger millet is originated in East Africa and eventually spread into Indian continent centuries back. This crop is sensitive to high rainfalls and requires dry climatic conditions at grain ripening stage. Common name: Kakun. You can plant/sow the crop at the onset of monsoons by either drilling in furrows or hills. Ragi in India is known by many names. The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa. Seed Rate, Season, Sowing and Spacing of Finger Millet Plants:-Seed rate (when planted in furrows): 3 kg/ha with a spacing of 10 cm between seeds and 30 cm between rows.For transplanted crop, it may require 4 to 5 kg/ha with a spacing of 25 cm x 15 cm. You have entered an incorrect email address! Marketing of Finger Millet:- You can transport the cleaned and graded grains to local markets or any related mills. Biochim Biophys Acta. This disease caused by “Pyricularia grisea”. However, CO 9, CO 13, CO (Ra) 14, TRY 1, Paiyur 1, CO 13, CO (Ra) 14, Paiyur 2, Godavari, Ratnagiri, Indaf 9, GPU 26, GPU 45, VR 708 are some of the finger millet varieties grown in India. On average, one can obtain 10 to 15 q/ha in case of the rain-fed crop, whereas the irrigated crop yields up to 40 or 50 quintal/ha. In Asia, this crop can be grown as rainfed as well as irrigated. Songalag susu galu (Korean), Harina de mijo del dedo (Spanish), Fingeren hirse mel (Norwegian), Pirkstu prosa milti (Latvian), Shikokubie ko (Japanese), prst proso mouka (Czech), doigt farine de millet (French), пальцем муки проса (Russian), මිනේරි පිටි (Sinhalese), bột kê ngón tay (Vietnamese), parmak Darı un (Turkish), Finger Hirse mel (Danish), თითის ფეტვი ფქვილი (Georgian), and 穇子 (Taiwanese). Finger millet is 3-5 times nutritionally superior to the widely promoted rice and wheat in terms of proteins, minerals and vitamins [3]. Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. The following intercrops can be practiced in the field. Scientific Name/ Botanical Name of Finger Millet:- Eleusine coracana. Finger millet grows well in semi-arid tropical climates and is also adapted to high altitude in mountainous regions. The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions. Broadcasting, Line Sowing, Drilling in rows and Transplanting the seedlings are main sowing methods in finger millet cultivation. The major finger millet growing states in India are Karnataka, Uttarkhand Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Jharkhand and Maharashtra. Varieties of Finger Millets:- There are many improved and hybrid varieties grown across the world. If the seedlings are grown on nursery beds, 3 weeks old seedlings can be transplanted in the main field. It can be planted either as a sole crop or in combination with other seasonal crops. Intercrops of Finger Millet:- Farmers can make extra income by adopting intercropping in Finger Millet cultivation. Indian Institute of Millets Research(IIMR) All India Coordinated Research Project on Sorghum, ICAR-IIMR, Hyderabad bagged the prestigious "Chaudhary Devi Lal Outstanding All India Coordinated Research Project Award 2019" during ICARs 92nd Foundation Day celebrations held on 16 July, 2020. It has high protein content. 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