East Timor's road to independence - achieved on 20 May 2002 - was long and traumatic. Check out our new website for more incredible history documentaries: HD and ad-free. close. East Timor used to be a Portuguese colony for about 500 years; and in 1975, Portugal withdrew from East Timor because of the revolution in Portugal, on April 25, 1974. Indonesia’s military dictatorship invaded the small territory of East Timor (then Portuguese Timor) in December 1975. It was then that highly credible Church sources in East Timor sought to make public the estimates of 200,000 deaths - long denied, but now at last accepted. About sharing. In many cases where genocides happen, it involves one country invading another. Up to a fifth of the East Timorese population perished during Indonesia’s 24-year occupation (1975-1999), a similar … In 1975 Indonesia invaded East Timor. The initial invasion resulted in the wholesale slaughter of much of Timor… Share. East Timor Genocide. Geography. Indonesia profile - Timeline. Indonesia quickly gained the upper hand and occupied the country. East Timor was ruled by Portugal for about 3 centuries. For 24 years they were left undisturbed because of U.S support under the pretext of fighting communism. Who: *West Timor became known as Indonesia against East Timor under Portuguese Rule . Copy link. Unfortunately, the general media silence on East Timor has left the U.S. public in the dark, helping to facilitate one of the great genocides of the late 20th century. As the slaughter reached near-genocidal levels, Britain and France joined in, along with other powers, providing diplomatic support and even arms. *Indonesia launched an operation to take over East Timor. 17 April 2019. Share page. via wikipedia.org. annexation of East Timor in 1975, it was an established fact that over 200 000 East Timorese had been killed in the ongoing genocide.10 Other commentators qualified their interpretation of events in East Timor as genocide. *President Suharto-Indonesia What: *Controversy on whether East Timor should be an independent country or become part of Indonesia. Exposure of the tragedy of East Timor–and of the U.S. government role–is essential to the future of the East Timorese people. When Indonesia invaded East Timor, the situation quickly turned into a genocide. More than 200,000 people died and over two thirds of all Timorese women were subject to rape, sexual slavery, … East Timor was then invaded by Indonesia shortly after Portugal abruptly left, in 1975. The East Timor Action Network in the United States called the During World War II, thousands of East Timorese lost their lives helping Australia forces fight against the Japanese. Published. The following timeline charts the territory's recent history and the key events on the long path to nationhood: Immediately they started a campaign of systematic destruction. East Timor's struggle for independence has been a long and bloody one. East Timor is bounded by the Timor Sea to the southeast, the Wetar Strait to the north, the Ombai Strait to the northwest, and western Timor (part of the Indonesian province of East Nusa Tenggara) to the southwest.The eastern part of Timor island is rugged, with the mountains rising to 9,721 feet (2,963 metres) at … So Portugal in fact lost its power, its control over the colonies—so that’s in Africa, including East Timor. Welcome to the Yale East Timor Project, since 2000 a component of the Genocide Studies Program. 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