are some of the questions that naturally come to anybody's mind. Final Confederate attack of the Seven Days’ Battle, and another Confederate defeat. Confederate capture of a Union garrison during their invasion of Kentucky. Civil War Timeline - Major Battles. January 1862 Lincoln issued a war order permitting the Union to launch a unified hostile action opposed to the Confederacy General McClellan shunned the order Mar 8, 1862. The North didn’t have enough ships to block the entire 3,500 mile south coastline. Virginia : Hampton Roads : Civil War Firsts: April 6, 1862 April 7, 1862: Battle of Pittsburg Landing [Union] January 1863. Timeline: Civil War and National Cemeteries. Following the Union victory, President Lincoln will introduce the Emancipation Proclamation, an executive order that freed every slave in the Confederate States. This timeline – from the Library of Congress – presents the major Civil War events for the year 1862. The fort, which had been a training base and staging ground for Civil War volunteers, suddenly becomes one of the few military forts west of … Botched battle in which half of a Union army fought a Confederate army that thought most of the Union army was elsewhere. Apply for and manage the VA benefits and services you’ve earned as a Veteran, Servicemember, or family member—like health care, disability, ... Civil War and National Cemeteries (1862) National Cemetery Administration . - Cookies, Battle of Fair Oaks/ Seven Pines, Virginia, Battle of Glendale/ Frayser’s Farm/ White Oak Swamp, Confederate capture of Munfordville, Kentucky. Battle of the "Monitor" and the "Merrimac"—March 1862 In an attempt to reduce the North's great naval advantage, Confederate engineers converted a scuttled Union frigate, the U.S.S. The Confederate victory moved the scene of the fighting from the vicinity of Richmond to that of Washington and was a massive boost to the Confederate cause. Jackson’s army destroys the much smaller Union garrison of Front Royal after receiving information from a spy in community. Feb 8, 1862. General Robert E. Lee withdraws to Virginia. SEPTEMBER 1862 (Antietam)- On September 17, Confederate forces under General Lee were caught by General McClellan near Sharpsburg, Maryland. Confederate attack on the Union army outside Richmond, notable mainly for the wounding of the Confederate commander Joe Johnston, allowing Robert E. Lee to be promoted to command the armies around Richmond. New Berne remained in Union hands for the rest of the war. Many blockade runners sailed in and out of the southern ports. The Union victory soon led to the capture of Nashville. September 17, 1862 is the bloodiest day in U.S. history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate troops were stopped in Maryland in Antietam by McClellan and lots of the Union forces. Federals threatened the Atlantic Coast at North Carolina, while Confederates began a counteroffensive in Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley.… With Lee’s ascent the Army of the Potomac found itself repeatedly battered. April 12, 1861 • Confederate forces attack a Federal fort outside Charleston, South Carolina, at the Battle of Fort Sumter, beginning the American Civil War. By the end of the day 26,000 men were wounded, missing , or dead. This battle proved to be the bloodiest day of the war; 2,108 Union soldiers were killed and 9,549 wounded -- 2,700 Confederates were killed and 9,029 wounded. Teachers & Schools. Confederate forces on the important Mississippi fort surrender almost without fighting. Union victory in Eastern Kentucky but one that failed to allow for the liberation of that pro-Union district. January: The South Secedes. Abraham Lincoln Takes Action. Aug 29, 1862 Second battle of bull run Despite heavy Confederate casualties (9,000), the Battle of Second Bull Run (known as Second Manassas in the South) was a decisive victory for the rebels, as Lee had managed a strategic offensive against an enemy force (Pope and … It becomes known as "America's Bloodiest Day." In History. This was the year that the war really became an all out war as Lincoln realized that he had to take action against the South in a way he never thought imaginable. First use of a turreted gun. 1862- War at sea Before the battle of Bull Run Lincoln ordered a blockade for the southern ports. Fort Sumter after its capture, showing damage from the Rebel bombardment of over 3000 shells and now flying the Rebel "Stars and Bars" - April 14, 1861. An unimpressive Confederate attack launched by Stonewall Jackson that still achieved its main aim of making sure that the Union army was in place for the upcoming Second battle of Bull Run. Union capture of a key fort on the Tennessee River by U.S. Grant. )August 9, Battle of C… 1862- The Battle of Shiloh In the early April 1862, Yankees camped at Pittsburg Landing near was a church named Shiloh. January 10 - Engagement at Middle Creek, KentuckyJanuary 15 - Edwin M. Stanton confirmed as U.S. Secretary of WarJanuary 18 - The Confederate Congress votes to formally organize the Confederate Territory of ArizonaJanuary 19 - Battle of Mill Springs (Logan's Cross Roads), KentuckyJanuary 22 - Bombardment of Fort Henry, Tennessee by USS LexingtonJanuary 30 - The USS Monitor is launched at Greenpoint, New York Causes of the Civil War; Outbreak of the Civil War (1861) The Civil War in Virginia (1862) After the Emancipation Proclamation (1863-4) The Civil War begins. 1862. The American Civil War remains the most significant event in Alabama's history. The battle forced Lee to abandon his invasion plans and go on the defensive. August 29-30,1862…“SECOND BATTLE OF BULL RUN” as the Federals under General John Pope are defeated. Battle in which a Union army under Rosecrans repulsed a Confederate attack. Click on the 1862 triangle symbol on the left sidebar to view the Civil War timeline for the second year of the Civil War. The war encouraged industrialization. Miller commanded the 2nd Brigade of the … A rare Confederate victory from a position of strength. Failed Union attack on Petersburg, one of the great missed chances of the war. February 8, Roanoke Island, North CarolinaMarch 8–9, Battle Of Hampton Roads, VirginiaApril 5–May 4 Siege of Yorktown, VirginiaJune 26, Beaver Dam Creek, Virginia*June 27, Gaines Mill, Virginia*June 27–28, Garnett’s Farm and Golding’s Farm, Virginia*June 29, Savage Station and Allen’s Farm, Virginia*June 30, White Oak Swamp, Virginia*June 30, Glendale, Virginia*July 1, Malvern Hill, Virginia*(*Collectively known as the Seven Days Campaign or Seven Days Battles. People on both sides were losing their romantic sentiments toward war as soldiers huddled in cold, muddy winter camps. Confederate attempt to defeat Grant’s army of 40,000 before a second force of 25,000 under Buell could join it. Mar 8, 1862 Naval Battle The confederacy and the union faught in a naval battle on this day, The confederates sunk two of the unions wooded ships and then … Sluggish Union victory in the campaign that led to Antietam. The Civil War was fought from April 1861 to April 1865. At the beginning of the Civil War, Miller entered the United States Army as captain of the 1st Missouri Infantry, and later the 1st Missouri Light Artillery. Civil War TimeLine 1862 Timeline created by Trash Panda. The fort surrendered, but only after several Confederate commanders escaped, including Nathan Bedford Forest, later a famous cavalry commander. First fighting of the Seven Days, triggered by McClellan’s only offensive move, a probing reconnaissance. This was one of the bloodiest days known in U.S. military history. A Confederate attack launched despite the absence of a large part of the force allocated for it. September 17, 1862- The Battle of Antietam (or Sharpsburg), Maryland, the bloodiest single day of the Civil War. The Civil War begins. First battle of ‘Stonewall’ Jackson’s campaign in the Valley. Appeal reports on the resignation of Gen. Gideon Pillow and On January 27, President Lincoln issued a war order authorizing the Union to launch a unified aggressive action against … Confederate gun batteries repulse a Union fleet attempting to reach Richmond. A much needed Union victory that turned back Lee’s invasion of Maryland, leading indirectly to the issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation and dramatically reduced any chance that Britain would recognise the Confederacy. 1861. 5 May 1862: Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia. Confederate Blockade runners are also being sent out for supplies. Much of the Confederate garrison retreated to Fort Donelson. McClellan moves his army to the tip of the peninsular between the James and York rivers, intending to bypass the Confederate lines and attack Richmond from the east. Blame falls on General Fitz-John Porter for holding troops in reserve too long. January 1862 — Abraham Lincoln Takes Action. August 29-30,1862…“SECOND BATTLE OF BULL RUN” as the Federals under General John Pope are defeated. September 14, 1862 Battle of South Mountain. This was the year that the war really became an all out war as Lincoln realized that he had to take action against the South in a way he never thought imaginable. At the beginning of the Civil War, Miller entered the United States Army as captain of the 1st Missouri Infantry, and later the 1st Missouri Light Artillery. One of the main reasons historians feel resulted in several major Union failures. All of this was purchased with the lives of 600,000 Americans. September 17, 1862. Jan. 1 The Memphis . 1862 . February 20 Abraham Lincoln’s son, Willie Lincoln, dies of typhoid fever in the White House. Naval battle that saw the destruction of a small Confederate fleet on the North Carolina coast. Aftermath of Second Bull Run. Union naval force under Farragut ran the defence of New Orleans and forced the surrender of the Confederacy’s largest city. September 17, 1862 is the bloodiest day in U.S. history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate troops were stopped in Maryland in Antietam by McClellan and lots of the Union forces. South Carolina is quickly followed by Florida, Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, and Texas. The war ended slavery. This ended in the confederate forces retreating. 1862 - A New Year No Less Bloody The second year of the American Civil War recorded such classic operations as the Henry-Donelson, Shenendoah, Missisiippi River and the Peninsular campaigns. Sibley abandons the idea of taking the fort and moves toward Santa Fe. March 6, 1862 March 8, 1862: Battle of Pea Ridge [US] Battle of Elkhorn Tavern [CS] Arkansas : Earl Van Dorn : Sterling Price: March 9, 1862: Battle of Hampton Roads The duel of the ironclads, The Monitor and The Merrimac (CSS Virginia). He achieved the second objective. In History. Henry-Donelson Campaign Timeline (February 6th - 16th, 1862) General Grant secured a much-needed early victory for the North during February of 1862 with the taking of both Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in Tennessee. 10 February 1862: Battle of Elizabeth City, North Carolina. Battle that ended a confederate attack from Arkansas that was hoped to cut Grant off from the north. The Battle of Antietam took place on a beautiful day in September, it then became the bloodiest battle of the war. Defeat of a Confederate attack intended to help General Bragg’s invasion of Kentucky. 15-18 June 1864: Battle of Petersburg, Virginia . Abraham Lincoln pulls himself away from greeting well-wishers on New Year’s Day to complete the business of putting the Emancipation Proclamation into effect. Although he was defeated, Lincoln assumed that Jackson must have a large army to take such risks, and withheld some troops from McClellan on the Peninsular. Civil War Timeline 1862. Timeline of the American Civil War: 1861, the outbreak of war and first Confederate victories Skirmish during the retreat of the Confederate army defeated at Corinth that briefly threatened to result in the capture of that army. Apply for and manage the VA benefits and services you’ve earned as a Veteran, Servicemember, or family member—like health care, disability, education, and more. The first major Civil War battle to take place in Maryland, the Battle of South Mountain took place on three gaps. Army of the Potomac finally crossed the Potomac in pursuit of the Confederates beaten at Antietam, although McClellan still moves slowly. In January 1862, he was promoted to colonel of the 18th Missouri Infantry. January Letters and editorials are full of thoughts about what is to be done with slaves, should they win their freedom. The first day of the battle saw Grant nearly defeated, but on the second day Buell arrived and Grant was able to counterattack, forcing the Confederates from the field. M15-JANUARY 1862; M16-FEBRUARY 1862; M17-MARCH 1862; M18-APRIL 1862; M19-MAY 1862; M20-JUNE 1862; M21-JULY 1862; M22-AUGUST 1862; M23-SEPTEMBER 1862; M24-OCTOBER 1862; M25-NOVEMBER 1862; M26-DECEMBER 1862; 1863. April 15, 1861 - President Lincoln issues a Proclamation calling for 75,000 militiamen, and summoning a special session of Congress for July 4. This battle proved to be the bloodiest day of the war; 2,108 Union soldiers were killed and 9,549 wounded -- 2,700 Confederates were … A timeline of events during The Civil War. 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