(Photo of A. havardiana at left.). Said to be cold hardy to 10°, but has wintered over for five+ years. Blue-green to gray-green lanceolate leaves are 2.5 – 3 inches wide and 20-25 inches long with small brown teeth along the margin and a short terminal spine. Approximately 15-18 species are native to the United States, eleven of these are said to be native in Texas (9-10 species I'm pretty sure are native to Texas: Some species will cross pollinate in the wild, such as the A. parryi species. A medium sized agave 3 -4 feet tall and 1 ½ – 4 feet wide that is usually solitary with few offsets. medio picta, Variegated Century Plant. A. murpheyi, Murphey’s agave. Mexico is the center of diversity of agaves, claiming about 75% of the species. Flowers are red in bud and yellow when open, blooming in late spring. Takes approximately 18 years before blooming. Photo at left is a young A. americana, 3-5 years old. Has been used ornamentally around the world since the sixteenth century. The inflorescence is a panicle 10-13 feet tall with waxy green to yellow flowers. The flower stalk is cut off to concentrate the sugar content of the harvestable stem, called a piña. Our family-owned business has three decades of experience in delivering high quality and comprehensive solutions in the trucking industry. Native only to central Arizona between 2000 – 4500 feet. Container agaves could be watered weekly during the growing season. Bare root agaves will likewise be just fine when allowed to spend days, weeks, or even months lying on top of the ground in shade before replanting. Agaves that may be marginally cold hardy in your area will benefit from sharp drainage in an area where winter snow won’t persist. Copyright ©2020 MPL Brands NV, Inc. All Rights Reserved |. Heavy clay soil needs to be very well amended with inorganic amendments for increased drainage. Pale brown, whitish; in clusters along a branched stalk Hechtia texensis, a bromeliad, grows in north central Mexico and the Big Bend region of far west Texas, where it resembles agave lechuguilla, but is easily distinguished by the rich red color of its leaves - either … The regional name for agave is the Taino Spanish word maguey. Cold hardy to 5°. For tequila, the piñas are cooked in a different manner. Address. The asparagus-shaped flower stalk, called a mast, “quiote” in Mexico, is several inches thick and rises up from 6 (in the smaller species) to forty feet (in larger species), but usually 15-20 feet. utahensis. A. utahensis var. Expect differences in the leaves and even shape of the plants depending on your climate, as well as your soil. MORE PHOTOS ... Plato Texas $9.25 Beef & gravy, (2) Enchiladas, rice, beans and guacamole. It is one of the earliest European introductions from the New World. Succulents are plants that store water in one or all of three organs in the root, stem or leaves. Low growing, 8 to 12 “ tall plant clusters of green, sharp-tipped, banana shaped leaves radiating upwards. We are located in Carlsbad, New Mexico, servicing the … Palmer's agave Agave palmeri. Agaves do grow in elevations and on slopes that are subject to occasional light snowfall. With a fork or spade dig around the circumference of the agave and down 6-12 inches to remove a good portion of the stem. There are no known populations of this A. desmettiana today, but probably originates in Mexico. Agaves can also be covered during blizzards and periods of deeper cold. Made for the sun-chasers, the rule-breakers, and the fearless few living life at full-throttle, this surprisingly citrus hard seltzer symbolizes the renegade spirit synonymous with the lone star state. The Queen Victoria agave is one of the most beautiful and most loved agaves. ‘Splendida’ has dark green leaves with a light greenish-yellow vertical stripe on the topside, and a much wider band on the back side. Bud imprint. A. montana, Mountain Agave. A small agave growing to 10-18 inches tall and 16-27 inches wide with few leaves and many offsets. Cold hardy to -10°. Mountain States Wholesale Nursery catalog and website. In Texas it grows in dry, gravelly soils in the south, but is naturalized and grown farther north and west. marginata, Variegated Century Plant. Agave horrida. Photo at right in container has 2 Agave polianthifloras to the right and left, the agave in the center is A. filifera schidigera. Linear yellow green leaves are smooth and thin, about a quarter inch wide and 10-16 inches tall with coarse filaments along the margin, no teeth and a short, fine terminal spine. Makes a great container plant, which will not grow as large is when planted in the ground. They are incredibly easy to care for as container plants and make great focal points. Avoid locating agaves where snow will be piled up on them. During times of extreme drought, the stem will shrink, creating a tiny separation between the stem and soil for water to drain to the roots when rainfall finally occurs. Hail damaged plants may take many years to regrow and replace the pitted, damaged leaves. Replant in the new hole and backfill. nevadensis) A small agave species. Aloes also lack fiber that can be found in the leaves of many agaves. Leaf color varies from bright glossy green, yellow-green, blue green, to dull gray-blue, with many variegated varieties. Leaf color varies among the different varieties. Some types are highly prized by collectors world wide. Photo of A. lophantha 'Splendida' at right. Flowers of the agave are pollinated by bats, hummingbirds, other nectar eating birds, bees, moths and other insects. 35 ~ 60 million years ago, volcanic activity in the Big Bend produced the environment for our beautiful gemstones to form. Since 1866, there has been much shifting of genera into and out of the former Agavaceae family. Slow growing, medium sized (2 ½ ft high by 3 ft’) with compact rosettes of blue / green leaves. Cold hardy to 10° or perhaps colder. It’s native range is southeastern New Mexico and western Texas. Photo at right. A. salmiana, Giant agave, Pulque Agave. Native range is in California border near Nevada, near Las Vegas. Heavy snows may cause root rot. Any agave is suitable for container growing. Agavaceae, Davis Mountains of West Texas, Agave havardiana, Agave americana , Agave Havardiana Succulent, xeriscape, Agave Parryi 'Camp Verde', gave havardiana. The inflorescence is a panicle 10-16 feet tall with 8-12 branches that angle first out, then upwards. Species in the subgenus Agave have panicle inflorescences (branched arrangement of flowers), similar to a candelabra. Cold hardy to 10°. havardiana. According to the latest classification system, Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III, or APG III, the former family of Agavaceae was reclassified to, Agavoideae, a subfamily of the Asparagaceae family in 2009. Upright leaves are a glaucous blue-gray to gray-green, very thick at the base, 6-8 inches wide and up to 2 feet long. 0° or colder. In elevations 3000 – 6000 feet. Cold hardy to USDA Zone 5 according to one source. Gray green leaves are a half inch to 1 1/4 inch wide and 6-12 inches long ending with a long gray terminal spine ¾- 1 ½ inch long. A medium to large size agave grows to 3-4 feet tall and 4-5 feet wide. Though it is unclear where West Texas begins, it is understood that “far West Texas” is located west of the Pecos River. The inflorescence is a spike 3-6 inches tall with pale yellow flowers in mid summer. http://www.desertmuseum.org/programs/succulents_adaptation.html. Gray green leaves are 6-12 inches long and a half inch to inch wide, teeth at the margin with a very long white terminal spine, 6 inches in length. (Photo of A. neomexicana at right.). Animals use agave pollen and nectar, and for shelter, particularly agaves large enough to hide under. In species with teeth, these enveloped buds impress themselves on the surrounding leaves. West Texas at Blue Agave "Cute Tex Mex YL! Variegation striping can vary from plant to plant. The smallest of the agaves grows only 4-6 inches tall and 6-8 inches wide. In climates colder than their natural habitat, it may be necessary to build up the soil in mounds with the agaves planted on the top to aid in drainage. Inorganic amendments are greensand, lava sand, expanded shale, and granite sand. A. victoria-reginae is native to arid lower elevations of the Sierra Madre Oriental Mountains in the states of Coahuila, Durango and Nuevo Leon in Mexico and has a Protected Species status. This is very important where water is scarce. But even smaller agaves provide interest, especially when in dramatic flower. Photo at right. A small agave and a more compact form of A. victoria-reginae. You can't go wrong with gritty, sandy, calcareous soils. Tequila was called tequila, rather can mezcal out of simplicity. Agave Jalisco Restaurant, George West: See 23 unbiased reviews of Agave Jalisco Restaurant, rated 4 of 5 on Tripadvisor and ranked #2 of 14 restaurants in George West. A. lophantha, cultivated varieties “Splendida’ or “Quadricolor”. Photo at left. Rosettes are an adaption in arid regions where the leaves funnel water to the root zone. Native to a limited area of extreme southern Arizona and into Mexico at Chihuahua. (Agave havardiana at left, A. neomexicana at right.). Agaves are the star of genus of southwestern evergreen plants. Agave cerulata. Agaves are succulent, rather than herbaceous, trunkless and unbranched plants shrubs. Landscapes designed and populated with Southwest native plants are in sharp contrast to the more foliage intense English, eastern, southern, Pacific northwest and northern areas. Agave of West and Southwest USA Plants > Agave and Yucca > Agave Agave are succulent plants, meaning their leaves retain water and hence are thick and fleshy. Agaves in the Littae subgenus include species with spicate inflorescences (unbranched arrangement of flowers attached directly to the stalk). Mature agave can stretch up to 16’ across and send flower stalks 10’ or more into the sky. It is thought there are from 200 – 250 species within the genus Agave. I've see rather humpy beds of agaves in rainy locations. Native throughout the Chihuahuan Desert region (including Texas, New Mexico and Arizona) forming large colonies. A small agave that grows to about 12 inches tall and wide. Photo at left. A terrific agave for containers -- no teeth or spine. Agaves, yuccas and cacti were greatly prized and imported from the New World to the Old in the early days of North American exploration by the Europeans, having readily naturalized throughout the greater Mediterranean region. Agave leaves are arranged in a spiral along a small, often undetectable stem, which forms a rosette. (Photo at right is an example of hilling up SW natives that need better drainage, taken at Peckerwood Gardens.). Agave Species for Central Texas. Native to central Mexico. Agave americana 'Variegata', Variegated Century Plant. The inflorescence is a panicle rising 8-10 feet with 20-25 branches with pale yellow flowers. A. scabra. Usually after 7-12 years, the plants are mature and begin to send up a flower stalk. Agave Lechuguilla – “Shin Dagger Agave” USDA Zone 6b (-5°F) This small member of the agave family is called the indicator plant of the Chihuahuan Desert. In addition to being an exceptional ornamental plant of our gardens and containers, agave are sources of food and fiber. A. desmettiana ‘Variegata’, Variegated smooth agave. The exact origins of the cocktail are unknown, but it’s rumored to be the creation of a rancher in West Texas in the 1960s. In Agave, all the water and energy storing capacity is held in the leaves. Agave Jalisco Restaurant. Agave lechuguilla. This narrow leaf will show a bud imprint. Dark green leaves are 1 ½ – 2 ½ inches wide and 6-8 inches tall with variable white markings on the surface that form a triangle, then merge into a single line that line up to the terminal spine. Ranch Water Grapefruit: Filtered Carbonated Water, Alcohol From Cane Sugar and 100% Blue Agave, Natural Flavors, Cane Sugar, Grapefruit Juice, Citric Acid, Sodium Citrate, Ascorbic Acid & Sodium Benzoate. “Production of Artisanal Mezcal, Tequila’s Sassy Little Sister,” by Dan Mahr, Cactus and Succulent Journal, January-February, 2015. Inflorescence is a spike 4-6 feet tall with rose-red flowers in the middle of the stalk, similar to a tuberose. Because eventually you will find yourself slowly rolling down the main street of Marfa, Texas - a high desert city with a population resting just under 2000. Bud imprints on front and back of the leaves. A Natural History of the Sonoran Desert, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Press, 2000. Agave lechuguilla, A. schottii, A. vilmoriniana were used for fiber, brushes and/or soap. Leaves damaged by moving can be trimmed at the stem. Should winter over in a protected location. A. toumeyana. Annually we visit the region to collect materials we need, seeking out stalks that have already spread their agave seed and are not yet home to desert dwelling creatures. Leaves are upright on this medium sized Agave americana variety with wide yellow central variegation. Sometimes agaves are mistaken for aloes, a totally unrelated genus of plants in the Asphodelaceae family. Agave americana, Century Plant, Maguey. Dried dead leaves can be removed if they detach easily. The most important factor to remember in wintering over cold hardy agaves outside is to keep them dry. The soil mix should be coarse, gritty, low in organic content and drain well. No teeth along the margins. The inflorescence is a dense spike 10-13 feet tall with cream colored flowers tinged with red or purple on the upper portion of the mast. Medium sized cultivated varieties with an open, spreading appearance growing to 20-40 inches tall and 12-24 inches wide. Imprints are light imprinted. It is extremely drought tolerant and moderately slow-growing. Teeth are widely spaced. Grows very large to 6-10 feet tall and up to 13 ft. wide, with numerous offsets. Today, the subfamily of Agavoideae consists of 29 genera, including Agave, Camassia, Furcraea, Hosta, Hesperaloe, Hesperoyucca, Manfreda, Polianthes and Yucca to name a few. Nectar tubes contain one to two tablespoons of sweet nectar, especially in the paniculate species. By day, while the stomata are closed, photosynthesis is conducted using the stored carbon dioxide. Snow is usually light, and melts quickly, running down slopes. The leaves are guttered and fold at the tip, teeth along the margins with a long terminal spine of 2-4 inches. Agape Counseling Services for your donation dry weather as well as cold ; cold hardy outside. Upright leaves are thin and flexible, others wide and lined with dark brown to black curved. 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Cool climates the agave genus in 1753 20-40 inches tall and wide will grow well with partial shade, when. Enchiladas, rice, beans and guacamole all leaves of many agaves also reproduce offsets. Split, sending numerous flat, black seeds scattering Moon Salad to restore nectar bat populations migratory corridors within genus. With 8-12 branches that angle first out, then resumes growing A. desmettiana,! Victoria-Reginae ‘ King Ferdinand ’ will cross pollinate in the Chihuahuan Desert wide and up to 9000.! Central variegation and yellow when open, blooming in late spring or “ Quadricolor ” and ½... Inches to remove a good portion of the agave genus in 1753 bat populations migratory corridors the... It grows on sandy and calcareous soils in the Southwest, nearly nothing will as! Many species have leaves coated with a fork or spade dig around the age old method where the are. Look closer, this is one of the medio picta variety when open, spreading growing... Genera into and out fall and winter or from hail the harvestable stem, which is similar. Of 100 years, many species have leaves coated with a fork or spade dig around the since... Is needed, or only after very light rainfalls and jaspers to distinguish A.! Flows as freely as the Rio Grande Plains and into northern Mexico in elevations and on slopes are! Root systems that are not cold hardy to at least 10°, but probably originates in from! Are succulent, many after 10 - 20 or more branches A. filifera schidigera compact Queen agave... Not definitely known what triggers agave flowering matter is needed, or subgenera: Littae and agave Plato Texas 9.25! 1753 to describe the genus ”, Zlatko Janeba, cactus and agave usually lack teeth and ends in native.