The Republic of Ghana or "Ghana" for short, is a West African country located along the Gulf of Guinea (the northeasternmost part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean) between the Republics of Ivory Coast and Togo. Ghana was the first Sub-Saharan African country to gain independence (from colonial rule). we need to reorient ourselves fellow citizens of Ghana. The article assesses the socio-economic and human repercussions of one of the fiercest ethnic conflicts in Ghana’s Northern Region on people and society. Notable among them are the prolonged conflicts between Peki and Tsito; Nkunya and Alavanyo in the Volta Region (Gati, 2008); Mamprusi and Kusasi in Bawku, in the Upper East Region; as well as Konkomba and In 1992, under internal and external pressure, Jerry Rawlings, who had twice seized power in military coups, initiated a democratic transformation of the military government — 1,654 C.E. The two decades of political stability in Ghana has helped the country a lot in almost all sectors of its economy. Learn how your comment data is processed. It is a shame that in the most fertile and water rich agriculture land, Ghana is a net importer of tomatoes, onion, chicken and fish. We lack negotiation skills as a people. The most prevailing example of a violent conflict on The Past and Present in Ghana’s Ethnic Conflicts: British Colonial Policy and Konkomba Agency, 1930-1951 Benjamin A. Talton Journal of Asian and African Studies 2003 38 : 2-3 , 192-210 Ghana has an "estimated" population of 29.4 million people with the population growth rate around 2.2%. Conflicts over land are a major problem to the management of lands in Ghana. These conflicts (one of them on Togolese territory) can be seen as a series. This finding is borne out by regular newspaper reports of conflicts. A December 2018 deal known as the Stockholm Agreement, … Communal conflicts in Ghana have Dr Emmanuel Debrah is Senior lecturer and Chair of Department of Political Science, university of Ghana. but see China is not going around the world begging for arms to survive. Conflicts and Wars that have occurred in Ghana among Ghanaians. Lac Nanyom and Nablek Dzakpaki were charged with 10 counts of possession of firearms and ammunition without lawful authority. Youth education, especially girl-child and sex education in Ghana, is helping a lot in breaking the cycle of new HIV/AIDS infections. Ghana was the first Sub-Saharan African country to gain independence (from colonial rule). Because we have caused ourselves a lot of harms. We have capable human resource for these product but most of them have been brain washed to sit down thinking of white collar jobs. Though Ghana has been Land cases constitute about 59% out of the total cases in court. Most "lower middle-income" and "middle-income" countries in the world today invest more in education because education is what powers economies into the next stages. Ghana's HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate currently hovers around 1.6% with over 270,000 children orphaned due to AIDS. The two admitted their guilt, and the court presided over by Justice Richard Kogyapwa sentenced them to a total of 10 years imprisonment. God has blessed us with so many resources but the truth is they are not being managed properly. Greediness is what has engorged our development so far, those in positions look to their pockets and family only at the expense of the country.LETS RISE FELLOW GHANAIANS AND MAKE OUR COUNTRY BETTER, Now, I think it is time for us to rise up. Ghana is actually not poor . All government run schools in the conflict zone have been shut down by the Ghana Education Service, (GES) to ensure the safety of teachers and school children. Almoravid conquest of the Ghana Empire circa 1,100 C.E. Ghana recorded more than 15,000 HIV/AIDS related deaths in 2016 with the number expected to rise in coming years unless more and more infected people receive antiretroviral treatment. section then introduces current conflicts in Ghana draw ing attention to their key features . Land ownership in the north is a requirement for the creation of chieftains, and also gives people the bargaining chip for political representation. Demarcation of land should be created by the government to control the size of land needed to raise building infrastructures (especially, the estate development). Rainfall in the northern parts of Ghana is often unpredictable, sometimes causing unpredictable flooding in some areas. 258,670 Pages. — circa 1,235 C.E. Ghana’s minister for Defence, Dominic Nitiwul led a high-powered mediation team on Friday, to conflict-ridden Chereponi, in the North-East Region of the country, reports have said. Ghana borders the Republic of Burkina Faso to the north, the Republic of Togo to the east, the Republic of Ivory Coast to the West and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. Enditem, Send your news stories to [email protected] and via WhatsApp on +1-508-812-0505. Most communities in Ghana are yet to benefit from the national grid (powered by the Akosombo dam). News Ghana is Ghana's leading online news portal for business in West Africa and around the World. The loss of focus is the flip side of recent good news. In a related development, the High Court in Tamale, on Thursday, sentenced two people to a total of 10 years imprisonment for their roles in the ongoing conflict. Ghana’s Fourth Republic was created in 1993. His recent articles are found in African Studies Review, Peace Studies Journal and Africa Today Dr Seidu Cover Page Footnote . Just about 20.7% of Ghana's total land area remains arable (land good for farming). However, this major cash crop sometimes meet lower prices at the international market. Ghana is the second leading producer of cocoa beans in the world (producing about 900 thousand tons a year). Of all the ethnic groups, the Ashanti were known for the numerous wars they fought when Ghana was called the … Ifthere is any country that Register Military. The country has indeed successfully avoided major violent conflicts affecting its surrounding neighbours; however, various instances attest that the potential of communal-level conflict does exist. It may surprise you to know that the salary of the CEO of Ghana Cocoa Board is more than twice that of the president of Ghana. Ethnicity-land ownership-chieftaincy is a very complex area which can be a subject for a prolonged debate. Northern Ghana is becoming a dramatic setting for a Rwanda-to-be. Most villages and towns in Ghana today lack good drinking water, hospitals, basic sanitation ( lack of basic sanitation remains a major problem even in Accra the capital), quality education, etc. Students Of CHRAPS/UEW Rescues 4 Trafficked Children On The Volta Lake, Ghana’s public debt continues upwards trend, WANEP, NPC thankful to Ghanaians for patience through voting process, Voting underway in Ghana’s 2020 elections, Early voter takes seat at polling station, Election 2020: Improper behaviour will not be tolerated – Akufo-Addo, Ghana to sack voters without facemasks at polling centers amid COVID-19, Electoral electric shock awaits NDC, NPP, says CPP, NCCE entreats Leadership of Political parties to work towards Peace in Ghana, NDC rejects NPP’s parliamentary majority claim, NDC’s Sampson picks Navrongo Central Constituency seat, NaCCA Boss wins Kwesimintsim seat massively, NDC to contest BNAC parliamentary results in court, Slain MP’s wife Retains seat for Mfantseman NPP, Western North Deputy Regional Minister retains seat, NPP wins Okaikwei South parliamentary seat, Korle Klottey votes for former President Mahama, Dr Zenator Agyemang-Rawlings retains Korle Klottey Parliamentary seat, Provisional Results Presidential: NDC wins Korle Klottey Constituency. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Sorry to sound an alarmist. Almost every political figure in Ghana today is corrupt in one way or the other. The potential is there to cut entirely the AID and use the fertile and beautiful land of Ghana to feed its own people and feed many countries around them, but what is going on so far is to rely on someone else to deliver the food and free money from outside so to maintain the high corrupt system and pretend that everything is good. Ghana gained independence in 1957 from the United Kingdom. continue to keep millions of people (especially rural farmers) in absolute poverty. ... and more recent migrations in the colonial and post-colonial periods (Brukum, 1995). The period covered both the 2008 and 20012 elections. Northern Ghana is riddled with conflicts over ethnicity and land ownership as well as over who has rights to assume certain chieftaincies. The two ethnic groups have been at each other’s throat long before Ghana attained independence. The northern parts of Ghana unlike the rest of the country, get very unpredictable levels of rainfall in a year, which leaves the upper East, the upper west, and the Northern regions of Ghana mostly dry and dusty during much of the year. The Cost of Inter-Ethnic Conflicts in Ghana’s Northern Region: The Case of the Nawuri-Gonja Conflicts . However, despite the abundance of natural resources, Ghana just like its neighboring countries, is crippled by so many socio-economic problems. There have been conflicts such as the Konkomba-Nanumba conflict, which was fought because of trade dispute. He expressed hope that the Friday meeting will help bring the various interest groups to the round-table towards finding amicable solution to the unrests. Although so far one death has been confirmed experts say the conflict has rather brought untoward hardship on the communities especially to the vulnerable, including women and children. However, despite the significant improvement in agriculture and other sectors of the economy, Ghana like most African countries today continue to face so many developmental challenges. When you look around today, the attention and focus of the youth is directed to owning properties ( such as a large size of land for building mansions, fleet of cars, etc). Inadequate power (electricity) supply in the big cities and towns and the total lack of it in many rural and sub-urban communities across the country, remain a major problem in Ghana today. Conflicts in Northern Ghana: Search for Solutions, Stakeholders and Way Forward conflicts in Ghana are therefore not a peculiar case. It's imperative for the government to begin a program of teaching trades beginning in junior high school. According to UNAIDS, there were more than 290,000 adults and children living with HIV in Ghana in 2016 with over 20,000 newly infected cases. Respondents and key The aim of this study is to analyse the dynamics of Dagbon chieftaincy conflict in northern Ghana and to examine how Rwandan’s Gacaca conflict resolution strategy could serve as a reference point for sustainable peace in Dagbon. Even in the big cities and towns covered by the national grid, there is inadequate power supply, an everyday problem locally referred to as "Dumsor". Every person should learn a trade. Narrow down to states of Ghana, or use our platform to monitor Ghana Decline of the Ghana Empire circa 1,075 C.E. also contain significant portions of the population. A four-day communal conflict which broke out between Konkombas and the Chokosis in the Chereponi District of the North East Region had seen one person confirmed dead, with many communities burnt down . List … News Ghana is not responsible for the reportage or opinions of contributors published on the website. However, great help is still needed because most communities in Ghana still do not have access to good drinking water and water for domestic purposes. Lack of good drinking water was and remains a major problem in the upper regions of Ghana. Just like in most other African countries today, poor governance and rampant corrupton continue to hit Ghana from all corners, leaving the average Ghanaian with nothing but poverty and despair. Ghana seeks solution to communal conflict up north. 1. Established on November 7, 1997, as an online news provider of the Xinhua News Agency, it was officially named Xinhuanet on March 10, 2000 and began around-the-clock news release with leading online public opinion at home and setting a good image of China abroad as its main task. Ghana, although is internationally acclaimed as the most peaceful country in West Africa, has some pockets of conflicts that are mainly inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic disputes that result from disputes over chieftaincy, land, identity and resources and ethnic struggles for state political power, (Kendie & Akudugu, 2010; Tsikata & Seini, 2004). The corruption returns to society and internal conflicts finally breaks up the ruling party. All developed nations have this available because these skilled professions provide a good living for which no expensive higher education is needed. Ghana is not poor, we are blessed with so many natural resources but we need prudent management of our resources for our people. Dutch—Portuguese War October 25, 1,625 C.E. 1 Medieval Times 1.1 Ghana Empire 2 Modern Times 2.1 Denkyira 2.2 Ashanti Empire 2.3 Colony of the Gold Coast 3 See also circa 970 C.E. About 60 percent of the Ghanaian population is into Agriculture. If indeed the world economy is rule by corporations and not governments as i agree then what prevent Africans from coming together to build their continents corporations. Our leaders today only think of their family and their pockets. Even though Ghana is considered as an oasis of peace within the African continent, it has recently gone through some bad conflict situations whichhas not given it a good name both within and outside the African continent. Search Sign In Don't have an account? “If the senior opinion leaders can agree to even get together, it is a sign to me that we can give hope to people on the ground to lay down their arms,” Nitiwul told the media on Friday. In the work of John Kusmi, Julius Fobil, Raymond Atuguba, Isabella Erawoc and Franklin Oduro titled, ‘’Conflicts in Northern Ghana: A Mirror of Answers to Sub-Regional Stability and Security Questions’’, it is explicitly stated that in the 1994 conflict that engulfed seven districts in Northern region, the government spent over 6 billion Cedis to provide relief to conflict victims and internally displaced … chieftaincy conflicts and land related conflicts. Our country Ghana is blessed with natural resources needed for a country to be called 'developed' not 'developing'. Example is the fighting between the Andani and Abudu clans in the Dagbon Traditional Area and the recent chieftaincy skirmishes … Conflicts arise in the classroom, library, school bus, playground, and any place where kids gather. Examples of such conflicts in Ghana include the: Sukusuku chieftaincy conflict, Sekondi chieftaincy conflict, Dagbon chieftaincy conflict, Cape Coast chieftaincy conflict, Bawku chieftaincy conflict, Ga Mantse succession dispute and the Anlo chieftaincy conflict (Prah & Analyzing data from survey opinions and interviews from wide spectrum of respondents, the … During adolescence into the developing stages of puberty, many children act out their emotions in the form of teasing, gossip, and physical aggression. The conflicts are … Since 1981 the region around the Oti river, on the border of Ghana and Togo, has been the scene of five ethnic conflicts — the bloodiest clashes in Ghana since its founding. Some of our leaders use their positions to get what they want illegally and they are let go when found out. Some of these included conflicts in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and La Côte d’Ivoire. In a recent survey of democracy in Ghana, 54 percent of respondents said violent conflicts between different groups in the country occurred “sometimes”, “often” or “always” (CDD-Ghana, 2003). While Ghana remains a stable democracy, sporadic ethnic and chieftaincy conflicts have been a recurrent feature of the political process. ... and Nunumbas results in the "Guinea Fowl War" in north-eastern Ghana. The Ewes (a major ethnic group) make up about 11.7% of the total population, followed by the Ga-Dangmes (about 7.3% of the population), the Guans (about 4% of the total population), the Gurmas (about 3.6% of the population), the Grusis (about 2.6% of the population), the Mande-Busangas (about 1% of the total population) with the several other minor groups forming the remaining fraction of the population. Most towns and communities across the country lack power supply and depend mostly on portable generators, batteries, torchlights, kerosene lamps, etc. Other major towns and cities such as Tamale (the capital of the Northern region of Ghana), Sunyani (the capital of the Brong Ahafo region), Wa (the capital of the Upper West region), Bolgatanga (the capital of the Upper East region), Sekondi Takoradi (the capital of the Western region) and Koforidua (the capital of the Eastern region of Ghana),etc. Mole-Dagbon (the next major ethnic group) make up about 15.2% of the total population. Most farmers in Ghana like in most other African countries today, are subsistence farmers who grow crops and rear animals just to feed themselves and their families. Ghanaians now boast of properties which do not aid nation development. Ghana (formerly known as Gold Coast), just like its neighboring countries, is blessed with abundance of natural resources such as gold, silver, manganese, bauxite, timber, petroleum, fish, rubber, salt, limestone, industrial diamonds, etc. it is not that we cannot produce most of the produces that we even import. We have the human resources which if much attention is directed to, can efficiently and effectively utilize the other available resources. Ghana needs change. If not, a time is coming where even common fresh water might be imported into the country since the importation of common commodities are ongoing. Xinhua News Agency, Xinhuanet is an important central news service-oriented website, an important information organ of the central government, and an important platform for building up China's online international communication capacity. Ghana has been hailed as a model example of peaceful democratic governance in sub-Saharan Africa. This makes the fight over land, no matter how small, very severe with lives and property at stake. 2001 April - Ghana accepts debt relief under a scheme designed by the World Bank and the IMF. when we talk of efficiency, we mean using less to do more. It covers actions dealing with minor civil disorders with no political undertones as well as riots savouring of revolt and even the early stages of rebellion”. In the West African sub-region, a number of violent conflicts occurred between 1982 and 2004. Ghana is one of the most culturally rich countries in all of Africa with a beautiful blend of several ethnic and racial groups living peacefully together. Bribery and Corruption is also a problem of Ghana not developing. You have entered an incorrect email address! Competition over access to and use of land and water resources is at the center of the conflicts. FANDOM. Also, the state institution in charge of cocoa production and distribution, the Ghana Cocoa Board (Cocobod), is one of the most corrupt institutions in the country. Ghana has a total land area of about 238,53 squared kilometers (about 11,000sq.km covered by water) with about 539km of coastline. Perhaps, Ghana even have citizens who are billionaires so why don't we channel these monies into developing our economy so that the interest on this debt can even remain in the economy. However, competition does not automatically result in conflicts. Latest conflicts and events in Ghana. It has to begin somewhere and it has to begin now. Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world, is found in Ghana. About 55% of Ghana's population lives in urban areas in major cities and towns such as Accra the capital (Accra, the capital of Ghana, contains about 2.3 million people) and Kumasi, the capital of the Ashanti region of Ghana (Kumasi contains about 1.8 million people). Previous governments and NGOs did great for some of these areas by providing them with boreholes and pipe-borne water, which has helped a lot in the eradication of the guinea-worm and other water-borne diseases. In Ghana, farmer-herder conflicts have become widespread and increasingly assume a violent dimension. Normal life has also come to a halt since people cannot go about their daily activities amidst the frequent gun battles. in this time we have to look for true Africans and not stomach African s. I lived in Ghana delivereing AID to people for 2 years and I can say that Ghana is not a poor country. The Northern Regional Police Command, has assured it has deployed more men to the conflict zone to maintain law and order, as efforts are underway to find lasting solutions to the recurring disturbances. Graphic and Ghanaian Times) on violent conflicts in Ghana between 2007 and 2012. This war is widely known in Ghana and even other African countries. Thus, Ghana does not need huge loans to function well. Ghana became a republic on July 1, 1960. Ghana became a republic on July 1, 1960. Conflicts and Wars that have occurred in Ghana among Ghanaians. Stay on top of Ghana latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. This doesn't favor agriculture at all in most parts. Aftermath and Sosso Occupation 1,588 C.E. Most visited articles. — circa 1,240 C.E. Internal security (IS) is defined as “any military role that involves primarily the maintenance and restoration of law and order and essential services in the face of civil disturbances and disobedience, using minimum force. Finally, the information collected from the newspapers and the regional/district visits was then synthesised and mapped using … Ghana has a literacy rate of about 75% for the total population with the female literacy rate hovering around 58%. Tel: +233 234-972-832 or +1-508-812-0505 Contact us: [email protected] Popular pages. Add new page. The violence which started again few days after a visit earlier this month by President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo is believed to be over ownership of a two-acre land. China has almost the same land size to America but China population is about 1.4 billion and that of America is about 300 million plus. Just a fraction of the rich channel their resources to agricultural sector and that is not going help. Ghana’s minister for Defence, Dominic Nitiwul led a high-powered mediation team on Friday, to conflict-ridden Chereponi, in the North-East Region of the country, reports have said. we gave them what is ours because most us are too greedy and corrupt and don't love our rich continent giving to us by the creator. The poor farmers who toil days and nights in cocoa plantations across the country are left with nothing but poverty and despair. Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world, is found in Ghana. However, lack of farming subsidies, poor government regulations, poor market facilities, poor farming practices, poor climatic conditions in some areas, etc. Press Release On The Numerous Conflicts In The Three Northern Regions Of Ghana FROM: THE NORTHERN DEVELOPMENT FORUM (NDF) To: ALL MEDIA HOUSES IN GHANA DATE: FRIDAY, JUNE 8, 2012 The Northern Development Forum (NDF) has observed with great concern and sadness the recent conflicts, violence and destruction of lives and properties […] In other words, those corrupt executives in charge of cocoa production and distribution in Ghana benefit the most from Ghana's cocoa. Akans (the most populous ethnic group in Ghana today) make up about 45.3% of the total population. The main problem is that Ghanaians do rely on someone else to do the work and bring AID from outside. In Ghana, since independence, IS threats have ranged from armed robbery, tribal differences, chieftaincy disputes, religious disputes and … Sometimes I don't understand most of us Africans, we keep on blaming the west for everything but we have forgotten that we are our own enemies. All we do is to accept anything western. Ghana without a doubt, is one of the most peaceful countries in all of Africa. It has the best universities and decent institutions and most importantly a safe country and reasonably well established capcity to make the country a vibrant economy in Africa. The team which included some traditional rulers from the middle-belt and the south was to help find lasting peace in the protracted conflict in the area which erupted again last Sunday. The sad thing is that, many of those living with the virus don't even have access to antiretroviral treatment. "Dumsor" remains a major problem even in accra, the capital of Ghana. In other words, just about 58% of the total population of females above the age 15 can read and write which is very bad considering Ghana's reputation as a "lower middle-income" country. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. we have to learn from China they build their country's economy around their population and land size. Ghana gained independence in 1957 from the United Kingdom. Democrat-ically elected governments have alternated with military regimes through the country’s recent history. Just look at our populations, total land area and resources. However, more help is needed especially in the rural and sub-urban areas where illiteracy rate remains very high. Total of 10 years imprisonment come to a total land area and resources farmers who toil days nights. 270,000 children orphaned due to AIDS this makes the fight over land, no matter how,. 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