Thai: พังกาหัวสุมดอกแดง;[6] Roots : Negatively geotropic roots called pneumatophores present. Family: Rhizophoraceae. The seeds, when still on tree, have a hypocotyl up to 11cm long.[2]. These Bruguiera species, probably B. gymnorrhiza , B. hainesii and B. eriopetala , become prominent as areas become drier forming the transition to the inland forms of tidal forests, representing the final stage in the succession. Further chemical investigation of the plant of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza led to the isolation of a new 8-hydroxyquercetagetin glycoside, namely brugymnoside A (1). Burma is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Bruguiera (family Rhizophoraceae ). Japanese: オヒルギ;[6] Curated hierarchies for Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Preferred Names. yellowish or cream-colored, with red to pink-red bell-shaped sepal cup. A major use of the tree is for wood products. var. Evergreen trees, to 6 m high; bole occasionally buttressed sometimes with stilt roots, underground roots produce numerous knee roots; bark grey to pale brown, with few large corky lenticels; branchlets terete, glabrous, reddish-green, with conspicuous narrow thin, brown stipular scar enclosing the node. ); isiKhangazi, isi Hlobane (isiZulu); isiKhangathi (isiXhosa); m'tumansi, setaca (Mozambique, language unspecified); muia (kiSwahili) SA Tree No: 527 There are no common names associated with this taxon. Species. Bruguiera cylindrica is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 23 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller. [5], As well as its botanical name, the tree is known by many common, or vernacular names. 5.1 Dravya; 5.2 Rasa; 5.3 Guna; 5.4 Veerya; 5.5 Vipaka; 5.6 Karma; 5.7 Prabhava; 6 Habit; 7 Identification. Bruguiera rheedii Blume. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza information from ITIS The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world. The reddish fine-textured wood used for local building in Cambodia, such constructions as huts, wharfs, fences, and fishery structures. Afrikaans: swart-wortelboom; Yue Chinese 木欖; Bruguiera cylindrica sensu Oliv. What's New? The fruits measure up to 4 cm (2 in) long. Description. Oppositely arranged elliptical leaves, 9–20 cm hairless. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Savi. Tracheobionta – Vascular plants. [4] Charcoal from the wood is excellent. Page. Chinese: 木榄; These include: Tongan: tongo;[6] Sapek people, Supiori, Papua Province, Indonesia arouw[9] BRGY. Kingdom. [3] The fruit is sold as a vegetable at Honiara Market, Solomon Islands. Plantae – Plants. Khmer prâsak' nhi, prâsak' toch, prâsak' tük;[4] The black mangrove is a protected tree in South Africa. p.p. Common Name Kankra Botanical Name Bruguiera gymnorrhiza . ... Common associates o n P acific Islands include other . The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Encycl. Malayalam: പേനക്കണ്ടൽ;[6] Kiswahili (Kenya, Tanzania, including Zanzibar, Mozambique) muia, mkoko wimbi; What is EOL? Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Savigny - RHIZOPHORACEAE - Dicotyledon Common name in Tamil : Sigapukokandam Common name in Telugu : Thuddu ponna Common name in Singhalese : Sirikanda. Diagnostic characters Botany & morphology Regeneration Reproductive biology Ecology Distribution Uses. Diagnostic characters : English large-leafed mangrove, oriental mangrove;[3] Bruguiera cylindrica Hance. Rank. Unresolved name: Plant » Red ... names; Scientific Names. Kosrae sraol; Curated hierarchies for Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Yap yangach; RHGY. Scientific Name and Common Name. Bruguiera capensis Bl. Bruguiera gymnorhiza is a mangrove tree that grows usually to 7-20m high, but sometimes up to 35m, that belongs to the family Rhizophoraceae. 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>> Bruguiera gymnorrhiza The bark is pale grey to pale brown. The propagules of this species are more appreciated than those of Bruguiera cylindrica. The fruit (propagule/hypocotyl) is reported as being eaten after scraping/grating, washing, drying and cooking to remove tannins, and sometimes mixed with coconut in Melanesia and Nauru. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lamk. 4: 696. Bruguiera parviflora grows up to 30 metres (100 ft) tall with a trunk diameter of up to 45 centimetres (18 in). Species recognized by South Africa Species List. Botanical Name : Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lam. Nursery Availability — The Plant List Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Lam. For example, on northwestern Cape York Peninsula, in the Weipa region, Thaynakwithi people (also referred to as Thyanhngayth dialect, Awngthim language people) call the species nhomb and explain that the propagules could be baked, then mashed or pounded and the flesh placed into a sieve-like woven bag before being soaked in water[8], Amongst the people of Wanigela, Northern (Oro) Province, in southeastern Papua New Guinea, the cooked hypocotyls are eaten, providing one of their staples, and used in the ethnomedicine as antimicrobial and insecticidal. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza: large-leafed mangrove. with many upright air-filled roots rising to 45 cm from long horizontal Bark is gray to blackish, smooth to roughly fissured, thick. non L. Classification. ); swartwortelboom (Afr. var. Recognized by Plant Forms, Habitat and Distribution. Common Name(s): oriental mangrove : Burmese mangrove [English] Accepted Name(s): Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Savigny : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - orthographic variant (misspelling) Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met non Blume Rhizophora conjugata L. Rhizophora gymnorhiza L. Common names: Frequency: Locally common: Status: Native: Description: Shrub or tree with a light brown, reddish-brown or grey fibrous bark; branches with subcircular scars of fallen leaves and stipules. It has become extinct in Taiwan, and is naturalized in Florida, The tree grows on intertidal mud-flats and estuaries, 0-2m (the elevation range between mean sea level and highest tide), on the less exposed parts of the coast, with a rainfall of 1000-8000mm. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. roots. Rank. Common Name Jat Baen Botanical Name Avicennia officinalis . It is mostly mixed in the Rhizophora mucronata zone, but is usually absent from the area nearest to the seaward edge. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. The bark is used as an abortifacient and for treating burns in the Solomon Islands. Scientific Name and Common Name. Preferred Names. Scientific Name: Bruguiera Lam. Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Lam. Mangrove is found in India and parts of SE Asia. The species grows on a wide range of soils, but does best in river estuaries, Salt water habitats on an alluvial sediment allows the tree to spread with its adventitious roots. The green propagules/hypocotyl are also eaten by many Indigenous groups in northern Australia. Leaf stalks are 2–4.5 cm long. ID 11634 Symbol Key BRUGU Common Name bruguiera Family Rhizophoraceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution HI Growth Habit N/A D 1.3–1.5 cm long, white, turning brown, each with 2 narrow lobes ending Telugu (Andhra Pradesh) thuddu ponna, uredi;[3] Common names: black mangrove (Eng. long, 5–7 cm wide, are narrow at both ends, thick, leathery, and Bruguiera parviflora grows widely in South Asia, Indochina, Malesia and northern Australia. 1797, "gymnorhiza"; Hook. Valid name: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza: Valid Aphia ID: 235082: Common names: オヒルギ/アカバナヒルギ Environments: marine Report issue × Your e-mail address. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza auct. Batjamal benmerr;[10] A decoction of the bark is taken in to combat diarrhoea. The astringent (and mildly toxic) bark has also been used to treat malaria in Cambodia. The fruits has antiviral properties, and bark extracts of the closely related Bruguiera sexangula are reportedly active against at least two types of cancerous tumors (Sarcoma 180 and Lewis lung carcinoma). non (L.) Savigny, orth. Marshall Islands jon;[3] [11]; Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Savigny : Rhizophora gymnorhiza L. Common Name(s): Burmese mangrove [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met It is often the most landward of mangroves and is common in areas subject to freshwater influence, such as brackish reaches of tidal streams. South African English black mangrove; [11], "Consumption of guava (Psidium guajava L) and noni (Morinda citrifolia L) may protect betel quid-chewing Papua New Guineans against diabetes", "Non-woody plant species of the Papua island forests, a sustainable source of food for the local commuties", "Ethnobotanical field notes from the Northern Territory, Australia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bruguiera_gymnorhiza&oldid=987101928, Flora of the Solomon Islands (archipelago), Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Afrikaans-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 22:48. with a straight trunk 40–90 cm in diameter, buttressed at base, and There are no related plants for species Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. [3] The bark is reportedd to be used for diarrhoea and fever in Indonesia. northern Australia orange mangrove; Malay: pokok tumu merah; In Kenya, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza does not occur in distinct zones. Classification. overview; data; names; Scientific Names. There is evidence of the hypocotyls being eaten in India, Bangladesh, and other parts of Southeast Asia. A tree that can grow up to 35m, though usually smaller, around 7-20m, it has a glabrous, smoothish, trunk with reddish brown bark (the bark is sometimes fibrous, sometimes lightish brown or grey). [3][2] Regions that it is native to include: Caroline Island, Samoa, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji, Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, Nauru, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Queensland, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, Nansei-shoto, Borneo, Jawa, Hainan, Christmas Island, Southeast China, Cambodia, Vietnam, Sumatera, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands, India (including Andhra Pradesh), Sri Lanka, Maldives, Mauritius, Madagascar, Aldabra, Seychelles, Somalia, Djibouti, Kenya, Mozambique Channel Islands, Tanzania, Mozambique, KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Provinces. What's New? Indonesian: putut;[6] Burmese mangrove. Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Lam. Subkingdom. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The structure of the new isolate was elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. Related Plants. Botanical name: Bruguiera gymnorhiza Family: Rhizophoraceae (Burma Mangrove family) Synonyms: Bruguiera capensis, Bruguiera conjugata, Bruguiera wightii Burma Mangrove is an evergreen tree, 8–25 m tall, with a straight trunk 40–90 cm in diameter, buttressed at base, and with many upright air-filled roots rising to 45 cm from long horizontal roots. In the Marshall Islands, it has been used for keel-pieces (maal), outrigger (kie'), and outrigger struts (kein-eon erre). Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Rhizophora conjugata L. Rhizophora gymnorhiza L. Common Name: Black Mangrove. The recent announcement of the discovery of a critically endangered mangrove species in the northern islands of Maldives is a welcome development at a time when unexplained mass die-off of mangroves is occurring across the country, especially in the north. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza from Tabilban-dhagun boardwalk Nudgee Creek Nudgee Beach Bramble Bay Queensland P1280496.jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 13.63 MB Bruguiera gymnorrhiza habit1.jpg 2,592 × 3,888; 6.08 MB Bruguiera gymnorrhiza habit2.jpg 3,888 × 2,592; 6.04 MB Bengali: কাঁকড়া গাছ; Inner bark is reddish. Unresolved name: ... Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Paddles are also made from the wood on some islands. The green elliptic leaves are 5-15cm long. The tree is found as a native on the coasts of places bordering the Indian Ocean, the South China Sea, and parts of the western Pacific Ocean. What is EOL? Common Names. When mature, the spindle-shaped fruits drop and become embedded in the Family: Rhizophoraceae. The bark is used to dye fishing nets, and to tan animal skins. 4: 696 1798 . Flowers are solitary, with white or cream petals, that soon turn brown up to 1.5cm long, pinkish-green to reddish brown calyx. 0% remaining 400,000 Trees planted; 400,000 Trees to be planted; Target Completed Planters Audit for Sundarbans National Park INDEPENDENT AUDIT. [7]; [3] The tree develops short prop-roots rather than long stilt-roots. [3], In the Maldives the propagules or green pods are eaten as a cooked vegetable. The wood has a high calorific values, and is used as fuel on some Pacific Islands (e.g. Rhizophora gymnorhiza auct. Bruguiera g ymnorrhiza (L.) L amk. in Lam., Encycl. 1797-8. The fruit are turbinate (spinning-top shaped), 2cm long, when mature, the spindle-shaped fruits drop and become embedded in the mud in an upright position, where they rapidly develop roots. Wanigela, Northern (Oro) Province, Papua New Guinea kavela, mangrove bean. collect. Zulu: isihlobane;[5] Kosrae), and for charcoal production in Indonesia, and Cambodia. Common associates on Pacific Island include other mangrove speices. The species grows on a wide range of soils, but does best in river estuaries, Salt water habitats on an alluvial sediment allows the tree to spread with its adventitious roots. Flowers have 10–14 very narrow, leathery sepals. Growing as the dominant tree on the edge of a mangrove swamp in Cooper Creek, Cape Tribulation, North Queensland, AUSTRALIA Scanned Slide from Nov 2000 Stamens are 2, nearly hidden, at base of each petal. Burma Mangrove is an evergreen tree, 8–25 m tall, Flowers arise solitary in leaf The wood is sometimes used as charcoal or firewood.. Distribution and habitat. 4 Common names; 5 Properties. in 3–4 bristles. Thyanhngayth dialect, Awngthim language nhomb;[8] Synonyms : Rhizophora gymnorrhiza L. Common Name : Kakra, Burma Mangrove, Black Mangrove; Plant Family : Rhizophoraceae; Plant Form : Tree; Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park About Bruguiera gymnorrhiza Plant : Habit : A Big Tree. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (BG), a medicinal mangrove, and its fruit (a food material) (BGF), have traditionally been used to treat diarrhea (also known as ulcerative colitis) in folk medicine. IPNI nomenclature info for Bruguiera gymnorrhiza This species prefers firm, well drained, muddy soils that experience only a few high tides each month. mud in an upright position, where they rapidly develop roots. Unresolved name. There are no common names associated with this taxon. For working with leather, the bark has a high tannin content, but tends to colour excessively unless collected "at the end of each growing season". Common Names. Russian: Бругиера голокорневая. Orange mangrove reaches up to 20 m. Emi kunyme; Palau denges;[3] durable in direct contact with the ground). General information about Bruguiera gymnorhiza (BUGGY) India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China, Indochina, Malesia, eastern Africa from Somalia to South Africa, Madagascar. Falsely Bruguiera gymnorhiza is also called Caribbean Mangrove, presumably for marketing reasons to have a well … Maldives bodu kaṇḍū, boda vaki. Pohnpei sohmw; is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Bruguiera (family Rhizophoraceae). [3][2] Common associates on Pacific Island include other mangrove speices. For the Sowek people, living on Supiori Island, Papua Province, Indonesia, the fruit is a staple, or primary food, of their diet, due to its high carbohydrate content.[9]. Photographed in Sunderban, West Bengal & Andaman & Nicobar. It grows from the Western Pacific across Indian Ocean coasts to Cape Province, South Africa. Chuuk ong; Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Savigny, orth. [7], The Batjamal and Emi speaker of the Wadjiginy language, who live near Anson Bay in the Northern Territory, Australia, use the durable and hard wood to make spear tips (batjagada [Batjama], ijinde [Emi], with a Bambusa arnhemica shaft.[10]. [3] The wood is widely used, including for firewood, building construction (including structural components such as poles, beams and rafters), canoe parts, fishingstakes, spears, copra-huskers, chips for pulp production, tool handles and digging sticks. [4] Description. axils, 3–4 cm long, usually drooping on a stalk of 1–2.5 cm, red to November 2006; ... Pr efer red scientific name . Bruguiera gymnorhiza has numerous names in English, the most common one is porbably Large-Leafed Orange Mangrove followed by Oriental Mangrove. Xhosa: isikhangati; Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lam. They are peeled first and then boiled, the water being discarded and renewed at least four times. Its uses in agroforestry include a woodlot, mulch/organic matter production, soil stabilization, coastal protection, windbreak, wildlife/marine food and habitat and bee forage. It is found on the seaward side of mangrove swamps, often in the company of Rhizophora. 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Oriental mangrove ] the fruit is sold as a vegetable at Honiara Market, Solomon.. As fuel on some Pacific Islands ( e.g Bruguiera cylindrica treat malaria in,... Associates o n P acific Islands include other the mud in an upright position, where they rapidly develop.... No common names associated with this taxon to roughly fissured, thick soon turn brown up to long! Names in English, the water being discarded and renewed at least four times the seeds, when still tree. Reddish brown calyx in English, the spindle-shaped fruits drop and become embedded in the Rhizophora mucronata,... Propagules/Hypocotyl are also made from the wood is sometimes used as an and! Each with 2 narrow lobes ending in 3–4 bristles a very wide Distribution, occuring around the Indian coasts... Andaman & Nicobar scientific name 2 narrow lobes ending in 3–4 bristles some Islands dying, with or., occuring around the Indian Ocean coasts to Cape Province, South Africa in Sunderban, West Bengal & &... 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For species Bruguiera gymnorrhiza 4 common names associated with this taxon are solitary, with white cream. When mature, the water being discarded and renewed at least four times, other species Bruguiera! And the West Pacific though it is usually absent from the area nearest to the seaward of... Has also been used to dye fishing nets, and other parts of SE.. ( requires repeated dying ), with white or cream petals, that turn... The mangrove tree Bruguiera gymnorrhiza 4 common names ; 5 Properties genus Bruguiera ( family Rhizophoraceae ) not occur distinct... Associates o n P acific Islands include other mangrove speices, but is usually smaller. Green propagules/hypocotyl are also made from the Western Pacific across Indian Ocean coasts to Cape,! Orange mangrove followed by Oriental mangrove zone, but is usually absent from the nearest. Less common, or vernacular names Solomon Islands are 2, nearly hidden at... Distinct zones wood is sometimes used bruguiera gymnorrhiza common name an abortifacient and for treating burns in the PLANTS Classification Report reddish calyx... Rather than long stilt-roots gymnorhiza L. common name: Bruguiera gymnorhiza ( L. ) Lam as. High calorific values, and Cambodia is a protected tree in South Africa prop-roots rather than long stilt-roots being in... Fever in Indonesia India, Bangladesh, and for charcoal production in Indonesia Solomon Islands,. Least four times have a hypocotyl up to 1.5cm long, pinkish-green to reddish brown.! Sometimes used as charcoal or firewood.. Distribution and habitat paddles are also made from the Western Pacific Indian. ] common associates on Pacific Island include other mangrove speices the black mangrove a! 1.3€“1.5 cm long, white, turning brown, each with 2 narrow lobes ending 3–4... Is evidence of the hypocotyls being eaten in India, Bangladesh, and is used as charcoal or firewood Distribution... On some Islands cm ( 2 in ) long. [ 2 ] common associates on Pacific Island include.! Name > scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report well … Bruguiera is... 3€“4 bristles, or vernacular names is for wood products name: black mangrove astringent ( and toxic. It in the Andaman Islands the trunks have been used for local building Cambodia.